11th Geography Model Paper CBSE / RBSE Exam Question

Subject: Geography
Class 11th
MM:70     Duration: 2hrs.

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General Instructions-

  1. Question paper is divided into 3 Sections-A, B and C.
  2. In section A, question number 1 to 15 are objective type Multiple choice questions carrying 1 mark each. Attempt any 14 questions. Write the correct answer only in your answer sheets.
  3. In section B, Question number 16 and 17 are Short Source Based and Graph Based questions respectively carrying 3 marks. Answer any three questions out of 4. Each of these sub-questions carry 1 mark.
  4. In Section C, Question numbers 18 to 22 are Short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 60-80 words.
  5. In Section C, Question numbers 23 to 27 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 120-150 words.
  6. Question numbers 28 and 29 are related to location and labeling and Identification of geographical features on maps respectively, carrying 5 marks each.
  7. Outline map of India and World provided to you must be attached with your answer book.
  8. Use of template or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.



Q1. Which one of the following latitudinal extent is relevant for the extent of India’s area?

(a) 8°41’N – 35°7′ N                                        
(b) 8°4’N – 37°6′ N
(c) 8°4’N – 35°6′ N                                          
(d) 6°45’N – 37°6′ N.

Q2. What separates India from Srilanka?

(a) Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait.           
(b) Bay of Hudson
(c) Bay of Bengal                               
(d) Bay of Biscay.

Q3. Which one of the following rivers is not included in ‘Panchnad’?

(a) The Ravi                                             
(b) The Chenab
(c) The Indus                                     
(d) The Jhelum

Q4. Which one of the following is the place of confluence of the Alaknanda and the Bhagirathi?

(a) Vishnu Prayag                          
(b) Rudra Prayag
(c) Karan Prayag                              
(d) Deva Prayag

Q5. How many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries are there in India?

(a) There are 105 national parks and 514 wildlife sanctuaries.
(b) There are 112 national parks and 505 wildlife sanctuaries.
(c) There are 12 national parks and 51 wildlife sanctuaries.
(d) There are 78 national parks and 452 wildlife sanctuaries.

Q6. The temperature at which the water starts evaporating is referred to as:

(a) Dew point                           
(b) The latent heat of vapourisation
(c) High temperature                               
(d) Condensation.

Q7. On 4th July, the earth is farthest from sun. What is its distance?

(a) 152 million km                                  
(b) 147 million km
(c) 148 million km                                 
(d) 198 million km.

Q8. What is normal lapse rate at 1000 metre?

(a) 4 degree Celsius                                       
(b) 2 degree Celsius
(c) 1 degree Celsius                                   
(d) 6.5 degree Celsius.

Q9. Which of the following is a form of weathering?

(a) Physical                    
(b) Chemical
(c) Biological                                       
(d) All of the above.

Q10. Which of the following is an example of endogenic forces?

(a) Erosion          
(b) Volcanism    
(c) Weathering        
(d) Balance

Q11. What are geomorphic causes of erosion?

(a) Flowing water                                 
(b) Underground water
(c) Air                                                        
(d) All of the above.

Q12. Which of the following is a non-ferrous mineral? { Download 11th Geography Model Paper }

(a) Copper          
(b) Aluminium
(c) Tin               
(d) All of the above.

Q13. 98% of the crust of the earth is made of eight elements. Which of the following is not among these eight elements?

(a) Oxygen and Silicon                           
(b) Aluminium and Iron
(c) Calcium and Sodium                   
(d) Mica and Granite.

Q14. Which of the following mineral is non metallic?

(a) Iron                
(b) Copper
(c) Coal                             
(d) Gold.

SECTION B Download 11th Geography Model Paper


Flora which grows naturally without any human interaction in nature is known as natural vegetation. It can form jungles or forests. In India, natural vegetation usually relies on the amount of rainfall.

However, altitude and temperature also plays a vital role in hilly regions like Himalayan forest.

In India, there are several  types of natural vegetation on the basis of temperature, rainfall, soil etc. Evergreen forest is one of the prominent rich diversity forest cover in India They are found in areas getting very huge rainfall, so soil is wet as always. Trees never have lack of moisture. So, green leaves foam a canopy of trees in the forest regions. So, this forest is known as Evergreen forest as it remains green all the year round. Some of the most common varieties of trees grown in these forests are toon, gurjar, chaplasha, dhup, jamun, white cedar, Indian chestnut, rosewood, and bamboos.These trees are widely used as furniture, railway sleepers etc. as they are strong, durable, fire-grained, and hard. These forests are spread in regions which get average rainfall of over 200cm every year, such as Western Ghats, Eastern Himalayas, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and others.

Answer any three questions:-

Q1 The character and extent of vegetation are mainly determined by which of the climatic factor?

(a) Temperature                                              
(b) Humidity
(c) Precipitation                                               
(d) All the above

Q2 Ebony, mahogany and rosewood trees are grown in which type of the forests?

(a) Coniferous forest                                     
(b) Tropical rainforest
(c) Tropical thorn forest                               
(d) None of these

Q3 India has rich heritage of flora and fauna because of

(a)Different types of soil                              
(b)Temperature variation
(d)All of the above

Q4 Evergreen forests are spread in regions which get average rainfall of:

(a) over 200 cm every year                          
(b) Below 100 cm every year      
(c) Less than 70 cm                                         
(d)More than 70 cm


Earth Inner core

Answer any three questions:-

Q1 The diagram above most likely represents a

(c)Sedimentary rocks                            
(d)Interior of the earth

Q2 What is the state of lava or magma?

a) Liquid always                     
b) Solid
c) Gaseous                         
d) Mixture of liquid, crystals and gases

Q3 Volcanoes are

(a)Indirect source of information about Earth            
(b)Direct source of information about earth
(c)Not a source of information about earth               
(d)Good source of ascertain temperature of Earth

Q4 A funnel-shaped hollow formed at the centre of volcano…..

(b)Ash Cones


Q18. Define Rocks. Name the main types of rocks.

Q19 Describe the economic importance of minerals.

Q20. Distinguish between Geomorphic agent and Geomorphic process.


Gravity and Gradient help the movement of all types of materials. How ?

Q21. Explain the Greenhouse effect of atmosphere.


Name and explain the factors which affect the range of temperature of a place.

Q22. How does condensation take place ? What are the different forms of condensation ?

Q23. Define precipitation. Name and explain its different forms.

Q24. Discuss the factors which control the distribution of rainfall.

Q25. How is rainfall caused ? Describe with examples, the different types of rainfall.


How are Clouds formed ? Discuss their types.

Q26.What factors control the horizontal distribution of temperature ? Give examples.


Explain Heat budget of the surface of earth.

Q27.What is Soil Erosion? In what different ways does it occur?


Which types of soils are derived from Deccan Lavas? Describe three important characteristics of these soils.

Map Based Questions

Q28. On an outline map of India, mark and label the following:

  1. Bokhar chu glacier ( Indus originates)
  2. Biosphere reserves of Nanda Devi, Sunderbans, Gulf of Mannar and Nilgiri.
  3. Mark the location of Forest Survey of India Head Quarter.
  4. Areas having Mangrove forests.
  5. Lake chillika and loktak
11th Geography Bharat Map

Q29. Identify the given Volcanoes and earthquake prone regions and locate them in world map.

  • An active volcano of Italy
  • An example of dormant volcano South America
  • Extinct volcano-Myanmar
  • Most frequent earthquake region of the world in Pacific Ocean
11th Geography model paper World Map

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