CBSE Class 10 Science Chapter 2 Acids Bases and Salts

NCERT / CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2 Acids Bases and Salts Notes video and question-answer and chapter related all best resource.

Chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and Salts for Class 10

What is an acid?

Acids are sour in taste, turn blue litmus red, and dissolve in water to release H+ ions.
Example: Sulphuric acid (H2SO4), Acetic Acid (CH3COOH), Nitric Acid (HNO3), etc.

Properties of Acids

Acids have a sour taste.
Turns blue litmus red.
Acid solution conducts electricity.
Release H+ ions in aqueous solution.

Types of Acids

Natural Acids
Mineral Acids

Indicators

Indicators are substances which indicate the acidic or basic nature of the solution by the color change.

What are bases and alkalies?

Bases are bitter in taste, have soapy touch, turn red litmus blue and give hydroxide ions (OH–) in aqueous solution.
Examples: Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) – NaOH
Calcium hydroxide – Ca(OH)2
Potassium hydroxide (caustic potash) – (KOH)

Properties of Bases

Have a bitter taste.
Soapy to touch.
Turns red litmus blue.
Conducts electricity in solution.
Release OH– ions in Aqueous Solution

Define pH

pH of a given solution is the negative logarithm to the base 10 of the hydrogen ion concentration, [H+] expressed in g ions/lit or moles/lit. Thus
pH=- log[H+]

What are the practical applications of neutralisation reactions?

Being alkaline in nature, cold milk is used to neutralise the acidity produced by HCl present in the gastric juice in the stomach.
Astronauts in space ships use this reaction to neutralise the dangerous levels of CO2.
Farmers add slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) to reduce acidity of soil.
Sting of ants and bees contains formic acid. This can be neutralised by rubbing soap, which contains free sodium hydroxide.
Persons suffering from acidity are given antacid tablets, containing magnesium hydroxide which neutralises excess HCl produced, in stomach. Alternately, they are advised to sip cold milk, which neutralises HCl.

Why the salts solutions of strong acid and strong alkali are neutral?

Let us take the example of potassium sulphate, which is a salt of strong acid [sulphuric acid] and strong base [potassium hydroxide solution].
From the above equation, it is clear that water is always feebly ionised and hence solution of potassium sulphate is neutral in nature.

What is an universal indicator?

Why common indicators cannot determine pH value of a solution?

What are the general characteristics of acids?

Class 10th Science Other Chapter Solutions

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NCERT Solutions for Class 9

NCERT Solution for class 10

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