CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 2023-24

CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper: CBSE Boards 12th class Geography sample paper is out along with its marking scheme for the new academic year 2023-24.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 1


Time: 3 Hours Class XII Session 2023-24 Max. Marks: 70

General Instructions:
(i) Question paper is divided into 4 sections A ,B,C and D
(ii) In section A question number 1 to 17 are MCQ-type questions.
(iii)In section B question numbers 18-23 are SA-type questions(80-100 words). Questions 18 and 19 are Source based questions.
(iv)In section C question number 24 to 28 are Long Answer based questions (120-150 words). (v) In section D question number 29 and 30 are Map based questions having 5 sub parts.

Section A

Section A

  1. Which of the following rivers has the highest replenishable groundwater resource in India ?
    (a) Indus                                                                  
    (b) Brahmaputra
    (c)   Ganga                                                                 
    (d) Godavari
  1. Which of the following parts of a river have the best quality water?
    (a) The delta part                                                     
    (b) The part in the mountains
    (c)   The plains part                                                   
    (d) The part in the valleys
  1. Which of the following is incorrectly matched?
 RiversPolluted Place
  1. Identify the correct order of location from West to East, for the given headquarters of railway zones.
    (a) Mumbai, New Delhi, Allahabad, Kolkata          
    (b) New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Allahabad
    (c) New Delhi, Mumbai, Allahabad, Kolkata          
    (d) Mumbai, Allahabad, New Delhi, Kolkata
  1. Gathering is practiced in the            basin.
    (a) Amazon                                                              
    (b) Ganga
    (c)  Hwang Ho                                                          
    (d) Nile
  1. Which of the following mineral is used in smelting of iron-ore?
    (a) Mica                                                                   
    (b) Manganese
    (c)   Copper                                                                
    (d) Bauxite
  2. Arrange the following regions given below, in order of deceasing density of their population.
(i)North Amrica(ii) Asia 
(a)(i), (ii), (iii), (iv) (b)(iv), (iii), (ii), (i)
(c)(ii), (iv), (iii), (i)(d)(i), (iii), (iv), (ii)
  1. Assertion : Barter system promoted trade and was easy to manage.
    Reason : In primitive societies, it was easy to found someone who need same commodities as one needed to exchange.
    (a) Only assertion is correct
    (b) Only reason is correct.
    (c) Both assertion and reason are correct. Reason is correct explanation of assertion
    (d) Both assertion and reason are incorrect
  1. Which of the following schools of thought attributed the current social problems to development of capitalism?
    (a) Radical School                                                   
    (b) Behavioural School
    (c)   Welfare School                                                   
    (d) Humanistic School
  1. Which of the following is not a sub-field of social geography?
    (a) Military geography                                            
    (b) Behavioural geography
    (c)   Gender geography                                              
    (d) Geography of leisure
  1. Which of the following pairs is correctly matched?
 Category of Density of PopulationStates/UTs
(a)State with highest densityWest Bengal
(b)State with low densityUttar Pradesh
(c)State with moderate densityAssam
(d)UT with highest densityDaman and Diu
  1. Who gave the term ‘conurbation’?
    (a) Jean Gottman                                                     
    (b) Patrick Geddes
    (c) Walter Griffin                                                     
    (d) Lewis Mumford
  1. Assertion : Railways are most suited for large volume bulky materials over short distance.
    Reason : Railway networks are well developed and can reach hinterlands.
    (a) Only assertion is correct
    (b) Only reason is correct
    (c) Both assertion and reason are correct. Reason is correct explanation of assertion
    (d) Both are correct but not related to each other
  2. Consider the following statements and choose the correct answer.
    I. Rearing is today practiced at the subsistence or commercial levels.
    II. Animal rearing depends upon the geographical factors and levels of technological development.
    (a) Only statement I is correct
    (b) Only statement II is correct
    (c) Both the statements are correct and statement II correctly explains statement I
    (d) Both the statements are incorrect
CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 2023-24 – CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper
  1. Which product accounted for lowest proportion of export in 2005?
    (a) Fuel products                                                     
    (b) Agricultural products
    (c)  Manufactured products                                      
    (d) None of the above
  2. Which product accounted for the highest proportion of exports in 2015?
    (a) Manufactured products                                      
    (b) Agricultural products
    (c)   Fuel products                                                     
    (d) None of the above
  3. When value of imports is more than the value of exports of a country, it is known as
    (a) favourable balance of trade.                               
    (b) fair balance of trade.
    (c)   negative balance of trade.                                  
    (d) equal balance of trade.

Section B

  1. Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
    Rivers, canals, lakes and coastal areas have been important waterways since time immemorial. Boats and steamers are used as means of transport for cargo and passengers. The development of inland waterways is dependent on the navigability width and depth of the channel, continuity in the water flow, and transport technology in use. Rivers are the only means of transport in dense forests. Very heavy cargo like coal, cement, timber and metallic ores can be transported through inland waterways. In ancient times, riverways were the main highways of transportation as in the case of India.
    But they lost importance because of competition from railways, lack of water due to diversion for irrigation, and their poor maintenance. The significance of rivers as inland waterways for domestic and international transport and trade has been recognised throughout the developed world. Despite inherent limitations, many rivers have been modified to enhance their navigability by dredging, stabilising river banks and building dams and barrages for regulating the flow of water.
    The following river waterways are some of the world’s important highways of commerce. The Rhine flows through Germany and the Netherlands. It is navigable for 700 km from Rotterdam, at its mouth in the Netherlands to Basel in Switzerland. Ocean-going vessels can reach up to Cologne. The Ruhr river joins the Rhine from the East. It flows through a rich coalfield and the whole basin has become a prosperous manufacturing area. Dusseldorf is the Rhine port for this region.

Questions :

  1. What is the result of lack of navigable waters and development of other means of transport?
  2. How can we improve water way navigability?
  3. What is the navigable length of Volga waterway for transport?
  1. What were the major causes for the stagnant growth of India’s population from 1901 to 1921?
  2. Observe the graph given below and answer the following questions.
    Number of years for world population to increase by 1 billion
CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 2023-24

I. In how many years population grow from 1 billion to 2 billion?
II. What were the major factors responsible for reduction in the time of population doubling?
III. During which year, it took maximum time in doubling of the population?

  1. What is Human Poverty Index? Mention the four indicators used to measure this index.
  2. “Modern economic development in the world is mainly the result of the development of quaternary services.” Analyse the statement.


“Service sector is significant for modern economic development.” Analyse the statement.

  1. What are the ways of recycle and reuse of water?
    What are the silent features of National Water Policy, 2002?

Section C

  1. What are conventional sources of energy and why are they essential for the development of India?
  2. How is the use of plastic bags harmful for environmental degradation? Evaluate it by citing suitable reasons.
  3. The iron and steel industries are basic industries which are important for the development of an economy. State its global distribution with details on major iron and steel-producing countries.
  4. What is subsistence agriculture? Describe two types of intensive subsistence agriculture practised in the world.
  5. Discuss any five important characteristics of the economic activities of hunting and gathering practised in the world.
  6. ‘Sea ports are Gateway of International Trade’. Explain the statement and mention the steps taken by India in the development of ports.
    Name the important ports in India and elaborate on their features.

Section D

  1. On the political map of India, locate and label any five of the following with appropriate symbols.
    (i) The state with lowest level of population density .
    (ii) The city of West Bengal having more than 10 million population
    (iii) The state leading in the production of cotton    
    (iv) Bailadila – Iron-ore refinery
    (v) Mathura – Oil refinery                                        
    (vi) Marmago – Seaport
    (vii) An International airport in Assam
CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 2023-24
  1. On the given political map of the world, the following seven features are shown. Identify any five of these features and write their correct names on the lines marked near each feature.
    (i) An area of commercial livestock rearing
    (ii) Area of subsistence gathering.
    (iii) A major seaport in China.
    (iv) A major seaport in Pakistan.
    (v) Major area of mixed farming.
    (vi) An inland waterway.
    (vii) Major airport in Europe.
CBSE Class 12 Geography Sample Paper 2023-24

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