150+ MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 3 Plant Kingdom with answer NEET MCQ

MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 3 : MCQs Questions for Class 11 Biology chapter 3 Plant Kingdom with answer free with Answers PDF Free Download prepared here according to the latest CBSE RBSE ans other State Board syllabus and NCERT curriculum. Students can practice CBSE Class 11 Biology MCQs Multiple Choice Questions for all Chapter. NEET MCQ Questions chapter 3 Plant Kingdom with answer free

MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 3 PDF Download

MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 3 Plant Kingdom with answer free PDF download

1. Besides paddy fields cyanobacteria are also found inside the vegetative part of:
(a) Cycas
(b) Equisetum
(c) Psilotum
(d) Pinus

(a) Cycas
In Cycas specialized root called coralloid roots are associated with N2 – fixing cyanobacteria either Nostoc or Anabaena. Coralloid roots lie near the soil surface. They are irregular and often dichotomously branched. Root hair and root cap are absent in these roots.

2. Isogamous condition with non-flagellated gametes is found in:
(a) Spirogyra
(b) Volvox
(c) Fucus
(d) Chlamydomonas

(a) Spirogyra
In Spirogyra, sexual reproduction occurs through conjugation. Gametes are non-flagellated, morphologically similar. But physiologically different (isogamy with physiological anisogamy). Volvox and Fucus are examples of oogamous and Chlamydomonas contain isogamous flagellated gametes.

3. Read the following statements (1-5) and answer the question which follows them. NEET MCQ Questions chapter 3 Plant Kingdom modeducation.com

  1. In liverworts, mosses and ferns gametophytes are free-living
  2. Gymnosperms and some ferns are heterosporous.
  3. Sexual reproduction in Fucus, Volvox, and Albugo is oogamous
  4. The sporophyte in liverworts is more elaborate than that in mosses
  5. Both, Pinus and Marchantia are dioecious
    How many of the above statements are correct?

    (a) Two
    (b) Three
    (c) Four
    (d) One

(b) Three
In liverworts and ferns gametophytes are free-living while in fern, sporophytes are free living. Gymnosperms and genera like Selaginella and Salvinia are heterosporous. The sporophyte in mosses are more elaborate than that of liverworts, Pinus is monoecious and heterosporous. Marchantia is dioecious.

4. Which of the following is not correctly matched for the organism and its cell wall degrading enzyme?
(a) Plant cells-Cellulase
(b) Algae-Methylase
(c) Fungi-Chitinase
(d) Bacteria-Lysozyme

(b) Algae-Methylase
Algae is a plant and so its cell wall is made up of cellulose. Cellulase enzyme is needed for degradation of its cell wall.

5. The plant body is thalloid in
(a) Funaria
(b) Sphagnum
(c) Salvinia
(d) Marchantia

(d) Marchantia
The plant body of a liverwort is haploid (n), gametophytic, small, dorsoventrally flattened, thallose, dichotomously branched fixed by unicellular and unbranched rhizoids, e.g., Marchantia.

6. What is common in all three, Funaria, Dryopteris, and Ginkgo?
(a) Independent sporophyte
(b) Presence of archegonia
(c) Well developed vascular tissues
(d) Independent gametophyte

(b) Presence of archegonia
The female sex organ archegonium is formed in bryophytes (Funaria), pteridophytes (Dryopteris), and gymnosperms (Ginkgo).

7. Which one of the following is wrongly matched?
(a) Nostoc-Water blooms
(b) Spirogyra-Motile gametes
(c) Sargassum-Chlorophyll c
(d) Basidiomycetes-Puffballs

(b) Spirogyra-Motile gametes
Cyanobacteria, e.g., Nostoc, grow in such abundance as to form water blooms. Sargassum belongs to brown algae which possess chlorophyll a, c, carotenoids, xanthophyll, and a characteristic brown pigment, fucoxanthin. Commonly known forms of basidiomycetes are mushrooms, bracket fungi, or puffballs. In Spirogyra gametes are non flagellated (non-motile) but similar in size. They show amoeboid movements.

8. Which one of the following shows isogamy with non-flagellated gametes?
(a) Sargassum
(b) Ectocarpus
(c) Ulothrix
(d) Spirogyra

(d) Spirogyra
In Spirogyra, sexual reproduction occurs through conjugation. Gametes are non-flagellated morphologically similar. But physiologically different (isogamy with physiological anisogamy).

9. Which one of the following is wrong about Chara?
(a) Upper oogonium and lower round antheridium
(b) Globule and nucule present on the same plant
(c) Upper antheridium and lower oogonium
(d) Globule is male reproductive structure

(c) Upper antheridium and lower oogonium
Chara is a green alga found attached to bottoms of shallow water of ponds, pools, and lakes. The male sex organ is called antheridium. The female sex organ is called oogonium. Oogonium is borne at the top of the four celled filaments.

10. Which of the following is responsible for peat formation?
(a) Marchantia
(b) Riccia
(c) Funaria
(d) Sphagnum

(d) Sphagnum
Sphagnum, a moss, provides peat that has long been used as fuel. It can retain water for long periods and as such used to cover the plant roots during transportation.

11. An alga that can be employed as food for the human being is:
(a) Ulothrix
(b) Chlorella
(c) Spirogyra
(d) Polysiphonia

(b) Chlorella
Chlorella and Spirulina are unicellular algae, rich in proteins and are used as food supplements by space travelers.

12. In which of the following gametophyte is not independent free living?
(a) Marchantia
(b) Pteris
(c) Pinus
(d) Funaria

(c) Pinus
Pinus belongs to gymnosperms in which male and female gametophytes do not have an independent free-living existence. They remain within the sporangia which are of two types – microsporangia and megasporangia.

13. Read the following five statements (A to E) and select the option with all correct statements:
(A) Mosses and Lichens are the first organisms to colonize bare rock.
(B) Selaginella is a homosporous pteridophyte
(C) Coralloid roots in Cycas have VAM
(D) Main plant body in bryophytes is gametophytic, whereas in pteridophytes it is sporophytic
(E) In gymnosperms, male and female gametophytes are present within sporangia located on the sporophyte

(a) (B), (C), and (D)
(b) (A), (D), and (E)
(c) (B), (C), and (E)
(d) (A), (C), and (D)

(b) (A), (D), and (E)
Selaginella is a heterosporous pteridophyte containing micro & megaspores. In Cycas, coralloid root has the cyanobacteria – Anabaena.

14. Male gemetes are flagellated in: NEET MCQ Questions chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
(a) Anabaena
(b) Ectocarpus
(c) Spirogyra
(d) Polysiphonia

(b) Ectocarpus
Male gametes are flagellated in Ectocarpus (Phaeophyceae). They possess heterokont, lateral flagella.

15. Which one of the following statements is wrong?
(a) Agar-agar is obtained from Gelidium and Gracilaria
(b) Chlorella and Spirulina are used as space food
(c) Mannitol is stored food in Rhodophyceae
(d) Algin and carrageen are products of algae

(c) Mannitol is stored food in Rhodophyceae
Mannitol or laminarin is the stored food in Phaeophyceae (brown algae).

16. Male gametophyte in angiosperms produces:
(a) Single sperm and vegetative cell
(b) Single sperm and two vegetative cells
(c) Three sperms
(d) Two sperms and a vegetative cell

(d) Two sperms and a vegetative cell
Two sperms and a vegetative cell are produced by male gametophyte in angiosperms.

17. In angiosperms, microsporogenesis, and megasporogenesis :
(a) form gametes without further divisions
(b) Involve meiosis
(c) occur in ovule
(d) occur in anther

(b) Involve meiosis
In meiosis, the number of chromosomes is reduced by half producing haploid daughter cells. The microspore mother cell and the megaspore mother cell undergo meiosis to produce haploid microspore and megaspore respectively.

18. Which one is the wrong statement?
(a) Mucor has biflagellate zoospores
(b) Haploid endosperm is a typical feature of gymnosperms
(c) Brown algae have chlorophyll a and c and fucoxanthin
(d) Archegonia are found in Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, and Gymnosperms.

(a) Mucor has biflagellate zoospores
The spores are non-motile in Mucor.

19. Select the correct statement:
(a) Gymnosperms are both homosporous and heterosporous
(b) Salvinia, Ginkgo and Pinus all are gymnosperms
(c) Sequoia is one of the tallest trees
(d) The leaves of gymnosperms are not well adapted to extremes of climate

(c) Sequoia is one of the tallest trees
Sequoia sempervirens is one of the tallest trees

20. In bryophytes and pteridophytes, transport of male gametes requires
(a) Wind
(b) Insects
(c) Birds
(d) Water

(d) Water
Bryophytes neither have pollen nor flowers and rely on water to carry the male gametes (sperm) to the female gametes (eggs). The antherozoids (male gametes of pteridophytes) are armed with hair-like or whip-like cilia or flagella and can swim through water; they do not travel great distances and are only released when free water is available.

21. An example of colonial alga is :
(a) Volvox
(b) Ulothrix
(c) Spirogyra
(d) Chlorella

(a) Volvox
Volvox is a motile colonial freshwater green alga. It forms spherical colonies.

22. Zygotic meiosis is characteristic of:
(a) Fucus
(b) Funaria
(c) Chlamydomonas
(d) Marchantia

(c) Chlamydomonas
Chlamydomonas has haplontic life cycle hence shows zygotic meiosis.

23. Life cycle of Ectocarpus and Fucus respectively are: NEET MCQ Questions chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
(a) Diplontic, Haplodiplontic
(b) Haplodiplontic, Diplontic
(c) Haplodiplontic, Haplontic
(d) Haplontic, Diplontic

(b) Haplodiplontic, Diplontic
Ectocarpus exhibits a haplodiplontic life cycle while Fucus has a diplontic life cycle.

24. Select the mismatch
(a) Cycas – Dioecious
(b) Salvinia – Heterosporous
(c) Equisetum – Homosporous
(d) Pinus – Dioecious

(d) Pinus – Dioecious
Pinus is a monoecious plant comprising both male and female cones on the same plant.

25. Double fertilization is exhibited by :
(a) Algae
(b) Fungi
(c) Angiosperms
(d) Gymnosperms

(c) Angiosperms
Double fertilization is a unique feature exhibited only by angiosperms. It involves both syngamy and triple fusion.

26. Cyanobacteria are classified under
(a) Protista
(b) Plantae
(c) Monera
(d) Algae

(c) Monera
Kingdom Monera exclusively includes all forms of bacteria. All bacteria are prokaryotes and do not possess a well-defined nucleus and other cell organelles. Protista, Algae, and Plantae include eukaryotic and unicellular or multicellular organisms.

27. Fusion of two motile gametes which are dissimilar in size is
termed as

(a) oogamy
(b) isogamy
(c) anisogamy
(d) zoogamy

(c) anisogamy
Lower groups of plants like algae exhibit great variation in the mode of sexual and asexual reproduction. Some algae produce gametes that are not similar in shape, size, and structure. Their fusion is called anisogamy. For example, Chlamydomonas. Isogamy is the fusion of similar gametes, zoogamy is the sexual reproduction of animals.

28. Holdfast, stipe, and frond constitutes the plant body in case of
(a) Rhodophyceae
(b) Chlorophyceae
(c) Phaeophyceae
(d) All of these

(c) Phaeophyceae
Phaeophyceae: In the members of the class- Phaeophyceae, the plant body is usually attached to the substratum using a holdfast and has a stalk called stipe and a leaf-like photosynthetic organ called a frond.

29. A plant shows a thallus level of organization. It shows rhizoids and is haploid. It needs water to complete its life cycle because the male gametes are motile. Identify the group to which it belongs to
(a) pteridophytes
(b) gymnosperms
(c) monocots
(d) bryophytes

(d)bryophytes
Bryophyta is a group of plants that have a gametophytic haploid thalloid body. The motile male gametes are produced in special male reproductive structures called antheridia. These gametes need a thin film of water to swim and reach the female reproductive organ called archegonia. Pteridophytes, gymnosperm, and monocots show a higher level of organization.

30. A prothallus is
(a) a structure in pteridophytes formed before the thallus develops
(b) a sporophytic free-living structure formed in pteridophytes
(c) a gametophyte free-living structure formed in pteridophytes
(d) a primitive structure formed after fertilization in Pteridophytes

(c) a gametophyte free-living structure formed in pteridophytes
Prothallus is usually a gametophytic phase in the life of a pteridophyte. The spore germinates to form a prothallium, it is a short-lived inconspicuous heart-shaped structure with several rhizoids developed beneath and bears sex organs, archegonium, and antheridium.

31. Plants of this group are diploid and well adapted to extreme conditions. They grow bearing sporophylls in compact structures called cones. The group in reference is
(a) monocots
(b) dicots
(c) pteridophytes
(d) gymnosperms

(d) gymnosperms
Gymnosperms include medium-sized or tall trees and shrubs. Their plants are well adapted to withstand extremes of temperature, humidity, and wind. Reproductive organs are usually in the form of cones or strobili. The male cones are made up of microsporophyll and the female cones are made up of megasporophyll. The presence of sporophyll (micro and megasporophyll) shows the development of seed habit but seeds develop from naked ovule and are not covered.

32. The embryo sac of an angiosperm is made up of
(a) 8 cells
(b) 7 cells and 8 nuclei
(c) 8 nuclei
(d) 7 cells and 7 nuclei

(b) 7 cells and 8 nuclei
Embryo sac in angiosperm contains 2 synergids, 1 egg cell, 3 antipodal cells, and one secondary nucleus.

33. If the diploid number of a flowering plant is 36. What would be the chromosome number in its endosperm?
(a) 36
(b) 18
(c) 54
(d) 72

(c)54
The endosperm is a product of triple fusion. One male nuclei (n = 18) fuses with diploid secondary nucleus (2n = 36), so it becomes triploid (3n = 54). Thus, the ploidy of endosperm is (3n) and chromosomes will be 54.

34. Protonema is
(a) haploid and is found in mosses
(b) diploid and is found in liverworts
(c) diploid and is found in pteridophytes
(d) haploid and is found in pteridophytes

(a) haploid and is found in mosses
The germination of haploid spores of mosses produced by sporophyte after reductional division from the protonema. This structure later develops into an independent gametophytic plant.

35. The giant redwood tree (Sequoia sempervirens) is a/an
(a) angiosperm
(b) free fern
(c) pteridophyte
(d) gymnosperm

(d) gymnosperm
Sequoia sempervirens is a gymnosperm. It has thick, woody, and branched stems. The plant also shows some xeric adaptations which help it to survive in adverse climatic conditions.

36. Red algae have green chlorophyll-a that
is like the one present in

(a) green algae
(b) cyanobacteria
(c) mosses
(d) higher plants

(b) cyanobacteria

37. Which one of the following is generally
found in cool seas?
(a) red algae
(b) brown algae
(c) green algae
(d) blue-green algae

(b) brown algae

38. Floridean starch is found in
(a) red algae
(b) brown algae
(c) green algae
(d) blue-green algae

(a) red algae

39. Fucoxanthin is found in
(a) red algae
(b) brown algae
(c) green algae
(d) blue-green algae

(b) brown algae

40. The zoospore of Ulothrix has
(a) one flagellum
(b) two flagella
(c) three flagella
(d) four flagella

(d) four flagella

41. A diploid structure with a tough coat produced during unfavorable conditions are
(a) zoospore
(b) zygote
(c) zygospore
(d) spore

zygospore

42. A multicellular green algae is
(a) Chondrus
(b) Laminaria
(c) Chlamydomonas
(d) Ulva

(d) Ulva

43. Which one of the following does not have flagellated male gamete?
(a) red algae
(b) brown algae
(c) mosses
(d) green algae

(a) red algae

44. Which one of the following groups led to the evolution of land plants?
(a) Rhodophyta
(b) Phaeophyta
(c) Chlorophyta
(d) Cyanophyta

(c) Chlorophyta

45. A distinct feature of bryophytes, when compared to other green plants, is that they
(a) produce spores
(b) have sporophyte attached to the gametophyte
(c) lack xylem
(d) lack roots

(b) have sporophyte attached to the gametophyte

46. The first land inhabiting plants are
(a) pteridophytes
(b) bryophytes
(c) gymnosperms
(d) angiosperms

(a) pteridophytes

47. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of bryophytes?
(a) presence of archegonia
(b) water is essential for fertilization
(c) an independent photosynthetic sporophyte
(d) motile sperms

(c) an independent photosynthetic sporophyte

48. Which of the following bryophyte is of great economic importance?
(a) funaria
(b) liverworts
(c) sphagnum
(d) chondrus

(c) sphagnum

49. Water is essential for the life cycle of Funaria because
(a) it will dry without water
(b) fertilization takes place in water
(c) it is a hydrophyte
(d) the growth will remain stunted in the
absence of water

(b) fertilization takes place in water

50. Which of the following is likely to occur on sea coasts?
(a) mosses
(b) green algae
(c) red algae
(d) brown algae

(d) brown algae

51. A moss differs from a fern in having
(a) swimming sperms
(b) alternation of generation
(c) dependent gametophyte
(d) independent gametophyte

(d) independent gametophyte

52. Which of the following groups produces spores, but lacks vascular tissue? NEET MCQ Questions chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
(a) fungi
(b) pteridophytes
(c) gymnosperms
(d) angiosperms

(a) fungi

53. The protonema of moss is
(a) diploid
(b) haploid
(c) sporophyte
(d) sporangium

(a) diploid

54. The male gametophyte in higher plants is represented by
(a) microspore
(b) anther
(c) pollen grain
(d) male gamete

(c) pollen grain

55. Which of the following conditions is found in Pinus but not Pteris?
(a) conducting tissue
(b) uncovered seeds
(c) presence of sporangia
(d) secondary growth

(b) uncovered seeds

56. Which of the following is an amphibian of the plant kingdom?
(a) red algae
(b) fungi
(c) moss
(d) pines

(c) moss

57. A Pinus does not have
(a) resin canals
(b) xylem tracheids
(c) ovuliferous scales
(d) two cotyledons

(d) two cotyledons

58. Gymnosperms do not bear fruits because
(a) they are not pollinated
(b) they lack ovary
(c) they produce spores
(d) they do not have seeds

(b) they lack ovary

59. Which of the following has a dominant sporophytic generation?
(a) Dryopteris
(b) Funaria
(c) Spirogyra
(d) Liverworts

(a) Dryopteris

60. Which of the following groups produce seeds but lack flowers?
(a) bryophytes
(b) fungi
(c) pteridophytes
(d) gymnosperm

(d) gymnosperm

61. Irish moss is the common name of a particular
(a) algae
(b) moss
(c) lichen
(d) fungi

(a) algae

62. Agar-Agar is produced from
(a) blue-green algae
(b) red algae
(c) brown algae
(d) green algae

(b) red algae

63. Kelp is a kind of
(a) an aquatic plant
(b) a moss
(c) an algae
(d) a fungus

(c) an algae

64. Cuscuta is a
(a) xerophyte
(b) parasite
(c) sporophyte
(d) epiphyte

(b) parasite

65. The pitcher plant is
(a) autotrophic
(b) saprophytic
(c) parasitic
(d) insectivorous

(d) insectivorous

66. The sporangia of a fern develop on
(a) roots
(b) stems
(c) rhizoids
(d) leaves

(d) leaves

67. An ovule is the equivalent of
(a) megasporangium
(b) megasporophyll
(c) megaspore
(d) female gamete

(a) megasporangium

68. In Pinus the fertilization takes place in the
(a) 1st-year cone
(b) 2nd-year cone
(c) 3rd-year cone
(d) microsporangia

(b) 2nd-year cone

69. Wolffia a small plant about 1 mm in diameter is a
(a) moss
(b) pteridophyte
(c) gymnosperm
(d) angiosperm

(d) angiosperm

70. Carpels of angiosperms are equivalent to
(a) sporophyll
(b) sporangia
(c) spore
(d) zygospore

(a) sporophyll

71. A monocot angiosperm has
(a) taproot
(b) corolla in sets of 5
(c) scattered vascular bundles
(d) 6 groups of xylem

(c) scattered vascular bundles

72. A plant showing reticulate venation and a woody stem is a
(a) pteridophyte
(b) gymnosperm
(c) monocot
(d) dicot

(d) dicot

73. Chilgozas are the seeds of
(a) a monocot
(b) a dicot
(c) conifer
(d) false fruit

(c) conifer

74. Frond is a term given to the leaves of
(a) a moss
(b) a fern
(c) a conifer
(d) an angiosperm

(b) a fern

75. The group of plants having vascular tissue is called
(a) Bryophyta
(b) Pteridophyta
(c) angiosperms
(d) Tracheophyta

(d) Tracheophyta

76. Which group has seeds enclosed in fruits?
(a) Gymnospermae
(b) Angiospermae
(c) phanerogamae
(d) pteridophytes

(b) Angiospermae

77. Ferns belong to the following group
(a) thallophyta
(b) Bryophyta
(c) Pteridophyta
(d) Gymnospermae

(c) Pteridophyta

78. Lichens have a symbiotic relationship between
(a) alga and bacteria
(b) alga and fungus
(c) bacteria and fungus
(d) fern and bacteria

(b) alga and fungus

79. Dicotyledon plants generally have
(a) fibrous roots
(b) pentamerous flowers
(c) parallel venation in leaves
(d) trimerous flowers

(b) pentamerous flowers

80. Mushroom belongs to the group
(a) algae
(b) fungi
(c) lichens
(d) Bryophyta

(b) fungi

81. Seed bearing plants include
(a) pteridophytes and gymnosperms
(b) bryophytes and pteridophytes
(c) gymnosperms and angiosperms
(d) bryophytes and angiosperms

(c) gymnosperms and angiosperms

82. Both chlorophyll a and b are present in
(a) Rhodophyceae
(b) Phaeophyceae
(c) Chlorophyceae
(d) None of these

(c) Chlorophyceae

83. Bryophytes can be separated from algae because they
(a) are thalloid forms
(b) have no conducting tissue
(c) possess archegonia
(d) contain chloroplast

(c) possess archegonia

84. The female reproductive part of bryophytes is
(a) Antheridium
(b) Oogonium
(c) Archegonium
(d) Sporangium

(c) Archegonium

85. Which of the following is called amphibians of the plant kingdom?
(a) Bryophytes
(b) Pteridophytes
(c) Gymnosperms
(d) Algae

(a) Bryophytes

86. Bryophytes are of
(a) great economic value
(b) no value at all
(c) great ecological importance
(d) a lot of aesthetic value

(c) great ecological importance

87. The common characteristic between bryophytes and pteridophytes are
(a) vascularisation
(b) terrestrial habit
(c) water for fertilization
(d) independent sporophyte

(c) water for fertilization

88. The plant group that produces spores and embryo but lacks vascular tissues and seeds is
(a) Pteridophyta
(b) Rhodophyta
(c) Bryophyta
(d) Phaeophyta

(c) Bryophyta

89. A plant having seeds but lacking flowers and fruits belongs to
(a) pteridophytes
(b) mosses
(c) ferns
(d) gymnosperms

(d) gymnosperms

90. Pteridophytes differ from mosses/bryophytes in possessing
(a) independent gametophyte
(b) well developed vascular system
(c) archegonia
(d) flagellate spermatozoids

(b) well developed vascular system

91. In Chlorophyceae, sexual reproduction occurs by
(a) isogamy and anisogamy
(b) isogamy, anisogamy, and oogamy
(c) oogamy only
(d) anisogamy and oogamy

(b) isogamy, anisogamy, and oogamy

92. Bryophytes are dependent on water because
(a) water is essential for fertilization for their homosporous nature
(b) water is essential for their vegetative propagation
(c) the sperms can easily reach up to egg in the archegonium
(d) archegonium has to remain filled with water for fertilization

(c) the sperms can easily reach up to egg in the archegonium

93. Which of the following is without exception in angiosperms?
(a) Presence of vessels
(b) Double fertilisation
(c) Secondary growth
(d) Autotrophic nutrition

(b) Double fertilisation

94. Agar is commercially obtained from
(a) red algae
(b) green algae
(c) brown algae
(d) blue-green algae

(a) red algae

95. Brown algae are characterized by the presence of
(a) phycocyanin
(b) phycoerythrin
(c) fucoxanthin
(d) haematochrome

(c) fucoxanthin

96. Chloroplast of Chlamydomonas is
(a) stellate
(b) cup-shaped
(c) collar-shaped
(d) spiral

(b) cup-shaped

97. Sexual reproduction involving the fusion of two cells in the Chlamydomonas is
(a) isogamy
(b) homogamy
(c) somatogamy
(d) hologamy

(a) isogamy

98. Prothallus (gametophyte) gives rise to fern plant (sporophyte) without fertilization. It is NEET MCQ Questions chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
(a) apospory
(b) apogamy
(c) parthenocarpy
(d) parthenogenesis

(b) apogamy

99. Moss peristome takes part in
(a) spore dispersal
(b) photosynthesis
(c) protection
(d) absorption

(a) spore dispersal

100. Which one of the following is a living fossil?
(a) Pinus
(b) Opuntia
(c) Ginkgo
(d) Thuja

(c) Ginkgo

101. Blue-green algae belong to
(a) eukaryotes
(b) prokaryotes
(c) Rhodophyceae
(d) Chlorophyceae

(b) prokaryotes

102. Dichotomous branching is found in
(a) Fern
(b) Funaria
(c) Liverworts
(d) Marchantia

(d) Marchantia

103. Floridean starch is found in
(a) Chlorophyceae
(b) Rhodophyceae
(c) myxophyceae
(d) Cyanophyceae

(b) Rhodophyceae

104. Cycas have two cotyledons but not included in angiosperms because of
(a) naked ovules
(b) seems like monocot
(c) circinate ptyxis
(d) compound leaves

(a) naked ovules

105. Peat moss is used as packing material for sending flowers and live plants to distant places because
(a) it is hygroscopic
(b) it reduces transpiration
(c) it serves as a disinfectant
(d) it is easily available

(a) it is hygroscopic

106. Conifers differ from grasses in the
(a) lack of xylem tracheids
(b) absence of pollen tubes
(c) formation of endosperm before fertilization
(d) production of seeds from ovules

(c) formation of endosperm before fertilization

107. If you are asked to classify the various algae into distinct groups, which of the following characters you should choose?
(a) Nature of stored food materials in the cell
(b) Structural organization of thallus
(c) Chemical composition of the cell wall
(d) Types of pigments present in the cell

(d) Types of pigments present in the cell

108. Algae have a cell wall made up of:
(a) cellulose, galactans, and mannans
(b) hemicellulose, pectins, and proteins
(c) pectins, cellulose, and proteins
(d) cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectins

(a) cellulose, galactans, and mannans

109. In angiosperms, functional megaspore develops into
(a) embryo sac
(b) ovule
(c) endosperm
(d) pollen sac

(a) embryo sac

110. In gymnosperms like Pinus and Cycas, the endosperm is
(a) triploid
(b) haploid
(c) diploid
(d) tetraploid

(b) haploid

111. Protonema occurs in the life cycle of
(a) Riccia
(b) Funaria
(c) Equisetum
(d) Spirogyra

(b) Funaria

112. Which of the following cannot fix nitrogen? NEET MCQ Questions Plant Kingdom
(a) Nostoc
(b) Azotobacter
(c) Spirogyra
(d) Anabaena

(c) Spirogyra

113. An alga very rich in protein is
(a) spirogyra
(b) ulothrix
(c) oscillatoria
(d) chlorella

(d) chlorella

114. Which one of the following plants is monoecious?
(a) Pinus
(b) Cycas
(c) Fucus
(d) Marchantia

(a) Pinus

115. Which type of ribosomes is found in Nostoc cells?
(a) 50S
(b) 60S
(c) 70S
(d) Eukaryotic

(c) 70S

116. Nostoc is a
(a) green alga
(b) yellow-green alga
(c) blue-green alga
(d) red alga

(c) blue-green alga

117. The attachment structure/s found in lichens
(a) Rhizomes
(b) Holdfast
(c) Both of these
(d) Rhizosphere

(c) Both of these

118. Bioindicators are
(a) lichens tracing the presence of pollution
(b) fossil lichens
(c) a special type of litmus paper
(d) None of the above

(a) lichens tracing the presence of pollution

119. Which commonly known as ‘Peat moss’ or ‘Bog moss’?
(a) Selaginella
(b) Equisetum
(c) Laminaria
(d) Sphagnum

(c) Laminaria

120. Which is commonly known as ‘Liverwort’?
(a) Funaria
(b) Marchantia
(c) Anthoceros
(d) Sphagnum

(b) Marchantia

121. Sporophyte is dependent on gametophyte in
(a) bryophytes
(b) gymnosperms
(c) angiosperms
(d) pteridophytes

(a) bryophytes

122. The rhizophore is not a true root because it is
(a) endogenous
(b) exogenous
(c) mesogenous
(d) endarch

(b) exogenous

123. Seed habit first originated in
(a) certain pteridophytes
(b) certain pines
(c) certain monocots
(d) certain dicots

(a) certain pteridophytes

124. Which of the following plants exhibit independent alternation of generation?
(a) Angiosperms
(b) Gymnosperms
(c) Pteridophytes
(d) Bryophytes

(c) Pteridophytes

125. ‘Maiden hair fern’ is
(a) Dryopteris
(b) Azolla
(c) Adiantum
(d) Pteris

(c) Adiantum

126. Sporocarp is a reproductive structure of
(a) some algae
(b) some aquatic ferns having sori
(c) angiosperms having spores
(d) bryophytes

(b) some aquatic ferns having sori

127. Prothallus means
(a) Immature gametophyte
(b) Immature sporophyte
(c) Immature archegonium
(d) None of these

(d) None of these

128. Fruits are not formed in Gymnosperms because of
(a) absence of pollination
(b) absence of seed
(c) absence of fertilization
(d) absence of ovary

(d) absence of ovary

129. In Gymnosperms, seeds are said to be naked because they
(a) do not have ovule
(b) do not have an ovary
(c) do not contain endosperm
(d) do not contain starch

(b) do not have an ovary

130. The embryo sac in an angiosperm is a
(a) megasporangium
(b) megaspore mother cell
(c) megagametophyte
(d) megaspore

(c) megagametophyte

131. The role of double fertilization in angiosperms is to produce-
(a) endosperm
(b) integuments
(c) cotyledons
(d) endocarp

(a) endosperm

132. Which of the following is a “resurrection” plant? NEET MCQ Questions Plant Kingdom
(a) Lycopodium
(b) Selaginella
(c) Rhynia
(d) Marsilia

(b) Selaginella

133. Algae used in the space program is
(a) fucus
(b) volvox
(c) Chlamydomonas
(d) chlorella

(d) chlorella

134. Which of the following is not the feature of gymnosperms?
(a) Parallel venation
(b) Perennial plants
(c) Distinct branches (long and short branches)
(d) Xylem with vessels

(d) Xylem with vessels

135. In Pinus, the male cone bears a large number of
(a) ligules
(b) anthers
(c) microsporophylls
(d) megasporophylls

(c) microsporophylls

136. In gymnosperms, ovules are
(a) covered
(b) naked
(c) single coat
(d) imbricate

(b) naked

137. Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rockweed) are the examples of
(a) red algae
(b) brown algae
(c) green algae
(d) golden brown algae

(b) brown algae

138. Tallest angiosperm is
(a) Eucalyptus
(b) redwood tree
(c) oak tree
(d) Pinus

(a) Eucalyptus

139. Seaweeds are an important source of
(a) chlorine
(b) fluorine
(c) iodine
(d) fromine

(c) iodine

140. Which of the following is a fatty oil-yielding plant?
(a) Sunflower
(b) Acacia
(c) Butea
(d) Casuarina

(a) Sunflower

141. The red colour of Rhodophyta is due to the preponderance:
(a) phycobilins
(b) phycocyanin
(c) phycoerythrin
(d) None of these

(c) phycoerythrin

142. The present-day higher green plants are believed to have evolved from:
(a) ferns
(b) green algae
(c) liverwort
(d) mosses

(a) ferns

143. “Algal zone” is found in :
(a) normal roots of Cycas
(b) normal roots of Pinus
(c) coralloid roots of Cycas
(d) stem of Cycas

(c) coralloid roots of Cycas

144. The largest flower found is known as :
(a) Rafflesia
(b) Tecoma
(c) Musa
(d) Cauliflower

(a) Rafflesia

145. Chloroplasts of Spirogyra have: NEET MCQ Questions Plant Kingdom
(a) spiral margin
(b) smooth or waxy margin
(c) smooth margin
(d) None of the above

(a) spiral margin

146. Which of the following is autotrophic?
(a) Virus
(b) Mycoplasma
(c) Nostoc
(d) All of these

(c) Nostoc

147. Match the following and choose the correct option:
Column-I Column-II
(Classes of pteridophytes) (Examples)
A. Psilopsida I. Selaginella
B. Lycopsida II. Psilotum
C. Sphenopsida III. Dryopteris
D. Pteropsida IV. Equisetum

(a) A – II; B – I; C – IV; D – III
(b) A – I; B – II; C – IV; D – III
(c) A – II; B – I; C – III; D – IV
(d) A – II; B – IV; C – I; D – III

(a) A – II; B – I; C – IV; D – III

148. Match column-I with column-II and choose the correct option.
Column-I Column-II
A. Phaeophyceae I. Funaria, Polytrichum, Sphagnum
B. Rhodophyceae II. Equisetum, Psilotum, Pteris
C. Mosses III. Ectocarpus, Dictyota, Laminaria.
D. Pteridophytes IV. Polysiphonia, Porphyra, Gracilaria

(a) A – III; B – IV; C – I; D – II
(b) A – IV; B – III; C – I; D – II
(c) A – IV; B – III; C – II; D – I
(d) A – IV; B – I; C – III; D – II

(a) A – III; B – IV; C – I; D – II

149. Which of the following pair is wrongly matched?
(a) Chlorophyceae – Major pigments are Chl a and b.
(b) Phaeophyceae – Cell wall made up of cellulose and algin.
(c) Rhodophyceae – Stored food as mannitol.
(d) Chlorophyceae – The cell wall is made up of Cellulose.

(c) Rhodophyceae – Stored food as mannitol.

150. In which of the following, all listed genera belong to the same class of Algae?
(a) Chara, Fucus, Polysiphonia
(b) Volvox, Spirogyra, Chlamydomonas
(c) Porphyra, Ectocarpus, Ulothrix
(d) Sargassum, Laminaria, Gracilaria

(b) Volvox, Spirogyra, Chlamydomonas

151. Funaria may be differentiated from Pinus by the character NEET MCQ Questions Plant Kingdom
(a) No fruits are produced
(b) No seeds are produced
(c) Antheridia and archegonia
(d) Both (a) and (b)

(b) No seeds are produced

152. Fern plant is a
(a) haploid gametophyte
(b) diploid gametophyte
(c) diploid sporophyte
(d) haploid sporophyte

(c) diploid sporophyte

153. Mosses are of great ecological importance because of
(a) their contribution to preventing soil erosion.
(b) their contribution to ecological succession.
(c) its capability to remove CO from the atmosphere.
(d) Both (a) and (b)

(d) Both (a) and (b)

154. You are given an unknown plant to study in the laboratory. You find that it has chlorophyll, no xylem. Its multicellular sex organs are enclosed in a layer of jacket cells. Its gametophyte stage is free living. The plant probability belongs to
(a) Chlorophyceae
(b) Bryophyte
(c) Pteridophyte
(d) Gymnosperm

(b) Bryophyte

155. Pre-fertilized endosperm is characteristic of
(a) Pteridophytes
(b) Angiosperms
(c) Gymnosperms
(d) Bryophytes

(c) Gymnosperms

MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology with Answers Chapter Wise PDF Download

MCQ Questions of Class 11 Biology with Answers Pdf will guide students to do a quick revision for all chapter.

  1. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 1 The Living World
  2. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 2 Biological Classification
  3. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
  4. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 4 Animal Kingdom
  5. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 6 Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 7 Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 8 Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 9 Biomolecules
  10. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 11 Transport in Plants
  12. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition
  13. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 14 Respiration in Plants
  15. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development
  16. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 16 Digestion and Absorption
  17. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  18. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 18 Body Fluids and Circulation
  19. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 19 Excretory Products and their Elimination
  20. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement
  21. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination
  22. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 22 Chemical Coordination and Integration

NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Chemistry with Answers
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