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Class 10 Science Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds

NCERT / CBSE Solutions for Class 10 Chapter 4 Carbon and its compounds Best Solutions notes, Video Classes, Live Problem Classes, Worksheet, Test Exam Paper.

Important The element carbon is non-metal. Its symbol is C.

Carbon is a versatile element the percentage of carbon present in the earth’s crust in form of the mineral is 0.02% and in the atmosphere as CO, is 0.03%. All the living things, plants, and animals are made up of carbon-based compounds

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Chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds for Class 10

  1. What is carbon and its compounds ?

  2. What are the types of carbon compounds?

Bonding in Carbon

Covalent Bond

Types of Covalent Bond

Electron Dot Structure

Formation of Hydrogen Molecule

Formation of CH4 Molecule

Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

Allotropes of Carbon

Carbon has Three Main Allotropes
Diamond
Graphite
Buckminster Fullerene

Versatile Nature of Carbon

Catenation
Tetravalent nature.

Saturated Hydrocarbon (Alkanes)

Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

Alkenes
Alkynes

Nomenclature of Organic Compounds

Characteristics of a homologous series

Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds

Combustion
Oxidation
Oxidizing Agent
Addition Reaction

Catalyst

Substitution Reaction

Saponification Reaction

Some Important Carbon Compounds

Chemical properties of Ethanol

Reaction with Carbonates and Hydrogen Carbonates

Difference between soaps and detergents

Carbon always forms a covalent bond

Cleansing Action of Soaps and Detergents

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