# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 3 Exercise 3.5

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 3: NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 3 Playing With Numbers Exercise 3.5

## NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 3 Whole Numbers Exercise 3.5

1. Which of the following statements are true?
(A) If a number is divisible by 3, it must be divisible by 9.
(B) If a number is divisible by 9, it must be divisible by 3.
(C) If a number is divisible by 18, it must be divisible by both 3 and 6.
(D) If a number is divisible by 9 and 10 both, then it must be divisible by 90.
(E) If two numbers are co-primes, at least one of them must be prime.
(F) All numbers which are divisible by 4 must also be divisible by 8.
(G) All numbers which are divisible by 8 must also be divisible by 4.
(H) If a number is exactly divides two numbers separately, it must exactly divide their sum.
(I) If a number exactly divides the sum of two numbers, it must exactly divide the two numbers separately.

Solution:

Statements (B), (C), (D), (G) and (H) are true.

(A) A number is divisible by 3 if the sum of digits is divisible by 3 but a number is divisible by 9 if the sum of digits is divisible by 9.
(B) If a number is divisible by 9, it must be divisible by 3 because 9 has 3 as a factor.
(C) If a number is divisible by 18, it must be divisible by both 3 and 6, because 18 has 3,6 as factors.
(D) If a number is divisible by 9 and 10 both, then it must be divisible by 90.
(E) A set of integers can also be called coprime if its elements share no common positive factor except 1. So, it is not necessary that at least one of them must be prime.
(F) Divisibility criteria of 4 are that the last two digits should be divisible by 4 whereas divisibility criteria of 8 are that the last three-digit must be divisible by 8.
(G) All numbers which are divisible by 8 must also be divisible by 4, because 8 has 4 as a factor.
(H) If a number exactly divides two numbers separately, it must exactly divide their sum.
We can take commonly from their sum.
(I) If a number exactly divides two numbers separately, it must exactly divide their sum. We can take commonly from their sum. But the converse is not true.

2. Here are two different factor trees for 6𝟎. Write the missing numbers.

Solutions

3. Which factors are not included in the prime factorization of a composite number?

Solution:

1 is the factor which is not included in the prime factorization of a composite number.

4. Write the greatest 4-digit number and express it in terms of its prime factors.

Solution:

The greatest 4-digit number =9999

The prime factors of 9999 are 3×3×11×101.

5. Write the smallest 5-digit number and express it in terms of its prime factors.

Solution:

The smallest five-digit number is 10000.

The prime factors of 10000 are 2×2×2×2×5×5×5×5.

6. Find all the prime factors of 1729 and arrange them in ascending order. Now state the relation, if any, between two consecutive prime factors.

Solution:

Prime factors of 1729 are 7×13×19.
The difference between the two consecutive prime factors is 6.

7. The product of three consecutive numbers is always divisible by 𝟔.Verify this statement with the help of some examples.

Solution:

Among the three consecutive numbers, there must be one even number and one multiple of 𝟑.Thus, the product must be a multiple of 6.
Example:
(i) 2×3×4=24
(ii) 4×5×6=120

8. The sum of two consecutive odd numbers is always divisible by 𝟒.Verify this statement with the help of some examples.

Solution:

3+5=8 and 8 is divisible by 4.
5+7=12 and 12 is divisible by 4
7+9=16 and 16 is divisible by 4
9+11=20 and 20 is divisible by 4.

9. In which of the following expressions, prime factorization has been done?
(A) 24=2×3×4
(B) 56=7×2×2×2
(C) 70=2×5×7
(D) 54=2×3×9

Solution:

In expressions (𝑏) and (𝑐), prime factorization has been done.
(A) 24=2×3×4=2×2×2×3
(B) 56=7×2×2×2
(C) 70=2×5×7
(D) 54=2×3×9=2×3×3×3

10. Determine if 25110 is divisible by 45.
[Hint: 5 and 9 are co-prime numbers. Test the divisibility of the number by 5 and 9].

Solution:

The prime factorization of 45=5×9
25110 is divisible by 5 as ‘0’ is at its unit place
25110 is divisible by 9 as the sum of digits is divisible by 9
Therefore, the number must be divisible by 5×9=45

11. 18 is divisible by both 2 and 𝟑. It is also divisible by 2×3=𝟔. Similarly, a number is divisible by both 4 and 𝟔. Can we say that the number must also be divisible by 4×6=24? If not, give an example to justify your answer.

Solution:

No. Number 12 is divisible by both 6 and 4 but 12 is not divisible by 24.

12. I am the smallest number, having four different prime factors. Can you find me?

Solution:

The smallest four prime numbers are 2,3,5 and 7.
Hence, the required number is 2×3×5×7=210

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