100+ MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 8 Cell: The Unit of Life with answer | NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life

MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 8 : MCQs Questions for Class 11 Biology chapter 8 Cell: The Unit of Life with Answers PDF Free Download prepared here according to the latest CBSE RBSE ans other State Board syllabus and NCERT curriculum. Students can practice CBSE Class 11 Biology MCQs Multiple Choice Questions for all Chapter. NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life

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MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 8 Cell: The Unit of Life with answer | NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life

1. It is responsible for the beginning of the life of organisms
(a) Tissue
(b) Zygote
(c) Cell
(d) Embryonic layer

(b) Zygote

2. Who proposed the cell theory?
(a) Singer and Nicholsen
(b) Schwann and schleiden
(c) Hook and Brown
(d) Robertson

(b) Schwann and schleiden

3. Who proposed that new cells arise through cell division of pre-existing cells
(a) Robert Hook
(b) Rudolf Virchow
(c) Robert Brown
(d) Singer

(b) Rudolf Virchow

4. It is the smallest cell
(a) Bacteria
(b) Mycoplasma
(c) Yeast
(d) Blue-green algae

(b) Mycoplasma

5. Prokaryotic cells have which architectural regions?
(a) Cell
(b) Appendages
(c) Nucleus
(d) all of the above

(b) Appendages

6. The association of more than one ribosome with a single molecule of mRNA complex is called as
(a) Polypeptide
(b) Polysome
(c) Polymer
(d) Polysaccharide

(b) Polysome

7. Which structure possesses flagellin protein?
(a) Muscles fiber
(b) Flagellum
(c) Pilli
(d) all of the above

(b) Flagellum

8. The cell wall of algae is made up of which substance?
(a) Protein
(b) Mannans
(c) Lipid
(d) all of the above

(b) Mannans

9. The cells involved in large amounts of lipid synthesis do not possess this organelle on the endoplasmic reticulum
(a) Mitochondrion
(b) Ribosomes
(c) Golgi apparatus
(d) lysosome

(b) Ribosomes

10. In mitochondria, it contains F-particles
(a) Matrix
(b) Cristae
(c) Outer layer
(d) all

(b) Cristae

11. The materials essential for the dark reaction are located in
(a) Circular-DNA
(b) Thylakoids
(c) Stroma
(d) Ribosomes

(b) Thylakoids

12. Microfilaments are made up of
(a) Fat
(b) Protein
(c) Carbohydrates
(d) Nucleic acid

(b) Protein

13. It possesses Flagella
(a) Paramoecium
(b) Euglena
(c) Amoeba
(d) Yeast

(b) Euglena

14. It directs the formation of the bipolar spindle during cell division
(a) Golgi body
(b) Centriole
(c) Ribosome
(d) Cilia

(b) Centriole

15. In humans, which cell lacks a nucleus?
(a) Lymphocyte
(b) RBC
(c) Monocytes
(d) Neutrophils

(b) RBC

16. The unit of phloem in which the nucleus is absent
(a) Sieve cell
(b) Sieve tube
(c) Companion cell
(d) Phloem parenchyma

(b) Sieve tube

17. No membrane surrounds this organelle
(a) Lysosome
(b) Nucleolus
(c) Golgi body
(d) Nucleus

(b) Nucleolus

18. It actively synthesized rRNA
(a) Nucleoplasm
(b) Nucleolus
(c)Nucleus
(d) all of the above

(b) Nucleolus

19. In each chromosome centromere possessing a disc-shaped structure is
(a) Satellite
(b) Kinetochore
(c) Long arm
(d) Short arm

(b) Kinetochore

20. Bacteria possess small DNA other than circular DNA which is called as
(a) Cosmid
(b) Plasmid
(c) Plastid
(d) Starid

(b) Plasmid

21. It shows the presence of nucleoid
(a) Plant cell
(b) Bacteria
(c) Animal cell
(d) Virus

(b) Bacteria

22. The cell wall of fungi is made up of which substance?
(a) Starch
(b) Chitin
(c) Cellulose
(d) Pectin

(b) Chitin

23. Which organelle is not considered as a part of the Endomembrane system?
(a) Vacuole
(b) Chloroplast
(c) Endoplasmic reticulum
(d) Lysosome

(b) Chloroplast

24. The chromosome in which the centromere is located at the end is
(a) Acrocentric
(b) Telocentric
(c) Metacentric
(d) Submetacentric

(b) Telocentric

25. Select the unicellular organism which possesses cilia
(a) Amoeba
(b) Paramoecium
(c) Yeast
(d) Opalina

(b) Paramoecium

26. Which is the example of a unicellular organism? NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life
(a) Chlamydomonas
(b) Spirogyra
(c) Mushroom
(d) Chiton

(a) Chlamydomonas

27. Who mentioned that cells had a thin layer around them?
(a) Schwann
(b) Virchow
(c) Schleiden
(d) Robert Hook

(a) Schwann

28. Who mentioned that the presence of a cell wall is a unique character of the plant cell?
(a) Schwann
(b) Virchow
(c) Schleiden
(d) Robert Brown

(a) Schwann

29. Which organelles are found only in animal cells?
(a) Centriole
(b) Mitochondria
(c) Golgi apparatus
(d) Chloroplast

(a) Centriole

30. Which is the biggest animal cell?
(a) Ostrich’s egg
(b) Hen’s egg
(c) PPLO
(d) Mycoplasma

(a) Ostrich’s egg

31. In some bacteria, the outermost layer is a loose sheath layer called as
(a) Slime layer
(b) Capsule
(c) Cell membrane
(d) Glycocalyx

(a) Slime layer

32. What is the function of SER?
(a) Synthesis of Steroid hormone
(b) Synthesis of protein
(c) Synthesis of enzyme
(d) all

(a) Synthesis of Steroid hormone

33. How many units occur in each stackpile of Golgi apparatus?
(a) 4 to 8
(b) 2 to 6
(c) 4 to 6
(d) 2 to 8

(a) 4 to 8

34. What is produced when vesicles are separated from the Golgi body?
(a) Lysosome
(b) Vacuoles
(c) Ribosomes
(d) Chloroplast

(a) Lysosome

35. The area of the cytoplasm without any cytoplasm is called as
(a) Vacuoles
(b) Chloroplast
(c) Cytoplasmic Gap
(d) Mitochondria

(a) Vacuoles

36. Which organelle is responsible for the degradation of worn-out cells?
(a) Lysosome
(b) Golgi apparatus
(c) Vacuoles
(d) Endoplasmic Reticulum

(a) Lysosome

37. Which plastid is not included as a chromoplast?
(a) Chloroplast
(b) Carotene
(c) Xanthophyllus
(d) Anthrocyanin

(a) Chloroplast

38. Which plastids possess chlorophyll pigments?
(a) Chloroplast
(b) Xanthophyllus
(c) Anthrocyanin
(d) Carotene

(a) Chloroplast

39. How many grana present in one chloroplast?
(a) 40-60
(b) 42-47
(c) 60-80
(d) 02-100

(a) 40-60

40. Each granum possesses how many thylakoids?
(a) 02-100
(b) 90-93
(c) 19-89
(d) 19-38

(a) 02-100

41. In the peripheral region of centriole nine triplets are arranged at which angles?
(a) 40
(b) 60
(c) 30
(d) 90

(a) 40

42. This organelle possesses 9+0 structure
(a) Centriole
(b) Cillia
(c) Flagella
(d) all

(a) Centriole

43. Various colours in flower fruit and seeds are due to the presence of which pigment?
(a) Anthocyanin
(b) Chlorophyll
(c) Chloroplast
(d) all of the above

(a) Anthocyanin

44. Which organelle possesses hydrolase enzymes?
(a) Lysosome
(b) Golgi apparatus
(c) Mitochondria
(d) Chloroplast

(a) Lysosome

45. The leucoplast which stores protein is known as
(a) Aleuroplasts
(b) Chloroplasts
(c) Amyloplasts
(d) Elaioplasts

(a) Aleuroplasts

46. The protoplast surrounding the centriole is called as
(a) Centrosphere
(b) Centrofibre
(c) Centroradus
(d) centroboides

(a) Centrosphere

47. Like a zygote any cell of the body is capable of producing a new individual is known as
(a) Totipotency
(b) Differentiation
(c) Growth
(d) Reproduction

(a) Totipotency

48. Which organelle is associated with the formation of basal granules, cilia, and flagella?
(a) Centrosome
(b) Golgi apparatus
(c) Mitochondria
(d) Lysosome

(a) Centrosome

49. The number of mitochondria per cell depends upon the
(a) Physiological activity of the cell
(b) Types of cell
(c) Shape of cell
(d) Size of cell

(a) Physiological activity of the cell

50. How many basic shapes of Bacteria are there?
(a) 4
(b) 6
(c) 9
(d) 1

(a) 4

51. Which structure serves as a protective layer against attack by phagocytes and by viruses? NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life
(a) Capsule
(b) Appendages
(c) Mesosome
(d) Mitochondria

(a) Capsule

52. How much diameter is the ribosome in a prokaryotic cell?
(a) 20 nm
(b) 40 nm
(c) 10 nm
(d) 15 nm

(a) 20 nm

53. Which organelle possesses circular DNA?
(a) Chloroplast
(b) Lysosome
(c) Ribosome
(d) Golgi apparatus

(a) Chloroplast

54. Select the Correct option from Column-I and Column-II
Column-I Column-II
(P) Typical Animal Cell i multi nucleus
(Q) Zygote ii Uni Nucleus
(R) Human RBC iii Binucleus
(S) Plant Endosperm iv Nucleus is absent
(a) P – ii Q – iii (c) R – iv (d) S – i
(b) P – iii Q – ii (c) R – i (d) S – iv
(c) P – iii Q – i (c) R – iv (d) S – ii
(d) P – i Q – ii (c) R – iv (d) S – iii

(a) P – ii Q – iii (c) R – iv (d) S – i

55. Select the Correct option from Column-I and Column-II
Column-I Column-II
P Microfilaments i Glycocalyx
Q Microtubules ii Actin
R Flagella iii Tubulin
S Outermost layer of bacteria iv Flagellin

(a) (P – ii) (Q – iii) (R – iv) (S – iv)
(b) (P – ii) (Q – ii) (R – iv) (S – i)
(c) (P – ii) (Q – iii) (R – i) (S – iii)
(d) (P – iv) (Q – i) (R – iii) (S – ii)

(a) (P – ii) (Q – iii) (R – iv) (S – iv)

56. In Column-I, Organelle is given and in Column-II its function is given, select the correct option
Column-I Column-II
P Mitochondria 1 Suicide bag
Q Chloroplast 2 Synthesis of steroids
R Lysosome 3 Photosynthesis
S SER 4 ATP- formation and storage
(a) (P – 4) (Q – 3) (R – 1) (S – 2)
(b) (P – 2) (Q – 1) (R – 4) (S – 3)
(c) (P – 4) (Q – 3) (R – 2) (S – 1)
(d) (P – 1) (Q – 2) (R – 3) (S – 4)

(a) (P – 4) (Q – 3) (R – 1) (S – 2)

57. Select the correct option from Column-I and Column-II
Column-I Column-II
P Robert Hooke 1 Cell theory
Q Robert Brown 2 Golgi apparatus
R Schleiden 3 Cell
S Camillo Golgi 4 Nucleus
(a) (P – 3) (Q – 4) (R – 1) (S – 2)
(b) (P – 1) (Q – 2) (R – 4) (S – 3)
(c) (P – 2) (Q – 1) (R – 3) (S – 4)
(d) (P – 4) (Q – 2) (R – 1) (S – 3)

(a) (P – 3) (Q – 4) (R – 1) (S – 2)

58. Select the correct option from Column-I and Column-II
Column-I Column-II
P Chloroplast 1 Single layer structure
Q Lysosomes 2 Double layered
R Nucleolus 3 without membrane
(a) (P – 3) (Q – 1) (R – 2)
(b) (P – 1) (Q – 2) (R – 3)
(c) (P – 2) (Q – 3) (R – 1)

(a) (P – 3) (Q – 1) (R – 2)

59. Select mismatch option Biology NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life
(a) Centriole 9 + 0
(b) Cilia 9 + 2
(c) Fimbriae Conjugation
(d) middle lamella Lignin

(d) middle lamella Lignin

60. Select Correct option
(a) Lysosome – Suicidal bag
(b) Ribosome – Lipid synthesis
(c) Mitochondria – Grana
(d) SER – Prokaryotic Cell

(a) Lysosome – Suicidal bag

61. Which assertion is false? NEET MCQ Question Biology
(a) Suicidal bag possess double-layer structure
(b) Mitochondria are self-replicating organelles
(c) Virchow give the final shape of the cell theory
(d) Active transport occurs against the concentration gradient

(a) Suicidal bag possess double-layer structure

62. What is the main difference between active and passive transport?
(a) Active transport occurs by ATP
(b) Active transport occurs fast.
(c) Energy is necessary for passive transport
(d) Passive transport is a non-selective transport

(a) Active transport occurs by ATP.

63. Where chlorophyll is present in chloroplast?
(a) In thylakoid
(b) In Stroma
(c) In grana and stroma
(d) In outer membrane

(a) In thylakoid

64. Select which assertion is false
(a) Chloroplast and mitochondria both possess internal variation. Thylakoid lumen is not covered by the thylakoid membrane
(b) Chloroplast and mitochondria both possess DNA
(c) Chloroplast and mitochondria both possess external and internal membrane
(d) Normally chloroplast is larger than mitochondria

(a) Chloroplast and mitochondria both possess internal variation. The thylakoid lumen is not covered by the thylakoid membrane.

65. In a plant cell, the vacuole is
(a) Membrane-bound structure which stores various substances and excretes them
(b) Without membranous structure
(c) Without membranous structure which stores protein and lipid
(d) With membranous structure which stores protein and lipid

(a) Membrane-bound structure which stores various substances and excretes them

66. Middle lamella is made up of which substance?
(a) Calcium pectate
(b) Hemicellulose
(c) Muramic acid
(d) Phosphoglyceride

(a) Calcium pectate

67. In higher plant stroma of chloroplast possesses
(a) Enzyme for dark reaction.
(b) Chlorophyll
(c) Ribosomes
(d) Light reaction related enzyme

(a) Enzyme for dark reaction

68. Microfilaments are
(a) Structure that connects the cytoplasm of two nearby cells
(b) Locomotive structure
(c) Structure joints nucleus and cytoplasm
(d) Lignified layers between two cells

(a) Structure that connects the cytoplasm of two nearby cells

69. The subunits of prokaryotic ribosomes are
(a) 50S + 30S
(b) 60S + 40S
(c) 40S + 30S
(d) 60S + 50S

(a) 50S + 30S

70. In which phase the chromosomes appear clear
(a) Metaphase
(b) Telophase
(c) Prophase
(d) Anaphase

(a) Metaphase

71. The plasma membrane is made up of
(a) Protein and lipid
(b) Only lipid
(c) Carbohydrate and lipid
(d) Carbohydrate and protein

(a) Protein and lipid

72. What substance is synthesized in the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
(a) Lipid
(b) Protein
(c) Carbohydrate
(d) Nucleic acid

(a) Lipid

73. Which of the following sentences is false?
(a) Lysosomes possess a double-layer structure
(b) Lysosome is a suicidal bag
(c) Lysosome digests all macromolecules
(d) Lysosomes possess hydrolase enzymes

(a) Lysosomes possess a double-layer structure

74. “Cells are a structural and functional unit of organisms”. Who found out?
(a) Schleiden and schwann
(b) Robert Hook
(c) Aristotle
(d) Mendel

(a) Schleiden and schwann

75. Prokaryotes differ from eukaryotes in
(a) Cell wall and DNA
(b) Plasma membrane and nucleus
(c) Plastid and nucleus
(d) DNA and mitochondria

(a) Cell wall and DNA

76. What is correct about the Fluid-mosaic model?
(a) A lipid bilayer and protein included in it
(b) Above the protein layer, one layer of phospholipid is present
(c) Above the protein layer, two layers of phospholipid are present
(d) Protein bilayer and phospholipid are included in it

(a) A lipid bilayer and protein included in it

77. Select the correct option from column – I and column – II
Column – I Column – II
(P) Endoplasmic reticulum (1) Power house of cell
(Q) Free Ribosomes (2) Osmoregulation and excretion
(R) Mitochondria (3) Lipid synthesis
(S) Contractile vacuole (4) Protein synthesis
(a) (P-3) (Q-4) (R-1) (S-2)
(b) (P-1) (Q-2) (R-4) (S-3)
(c) (P-3) (Q-2) (R-1) (S-4)
(d) (P-3) (Q-4) (R-2) (S-1)

(a) (P-3) (Q-4) (R-1) (S-2)

78. Nucleolus is
(a) Located in the nucleus, possesses rRNA and chromatin, and possesses a spherical structure
(b) Rodlike structure present in the nucleus
(c) Spherical structure present in the cytoplasm near nucleus
(d) None of these

(a) Located in the nucleus, possesses rRNA and chromatin, and possesses a spherical structure.

79. Aldolase enzyme related with which organelles?
(a) Cell-matrix
(b) Chloroplast
(c) Nucleus
(d) Mitochondria

(a) Cell-matrix

80. Mitochondria stores
(a) ATP
(b) Protein
(c) Carbohydrate
(d) Lipid

(a) ATP

81. For the synthesis of new protein and protein transport which organelle is related?
(a) Endoplasmic reticulum
(b) Chloroplast
(c) Mitochondria
(d) Lysosome

(a) Endoplasmic reticulum

82. Where does ribosome synthesis take place?
(a) Nucleolus
(b) Nucleus
(c) Golgi body
(d) Plasma membrane

(a) Nucleolus

83. Golgi apparatus is produced from which organelle?
(a) Endoplasmic reticulum
(b) Plasma Membrane
(c) Mitochondria
(d) Ribosomes

(a) Endoplasmic reticulum

84. It is the powerhouse of the cell
(a) Mitochondria
(b) Chloroplast
(c) Nucleus
(d) Golgi-apparatus

(a) Mitochondria

85. Mitochondria is an organelle of which process?
(a) Kreb’s cycle
(b) Glycolysis
(c) Hill reaction
(d) Calvin cycle

(a) Kreb’s cycle

86. Where does ETC occur?
(a) Inner membrane of mitochondria
(b) Outer membrane of mitochondria
(c) Matrix of mitochondria
(d) None

(a) Inner membrane of mitochondria

87. The cytoskeleton is made up of
(a) Proteinous fiber
(b) microparticles of CaCO3
(c) Cellulose
(d) Callose

(a) Proteinous fiber

88. In higher plants, the cell wall is made up of which substance?
(a) Cellulose
(b) Peptidoglycan
(c) Lipoprotein
(d) Callose

(a) Cellulose

89. In a eukaryotic cell, the cytoskeleton is made up of
(a) Microtubules
(b) Microfilaments
(c) Tubulin
(d) all

(a) Microtubules

90. Who suggested that new cells arise through cell division of pre-existing cells?
(a) Virchow
(b) Schwann
(c) Robert Hook
(d) Schleiden

(a) Virchow

91. Which organelle is present in animal cells but absent in plant cells?
(a) Centriole
(b) Mitochondria
(c) Endoplasmic reticulum
(d) Golgi apparatus

(a) Centriole

92. The fluid mosaic model was proposed by whom?
(a) Singer and Nicolson
(b) Beadel and Tatum
(c) Robertson and Miller
(d) Watson and Crick

(a) Singer and Nicolson

93. Eukaryotic cells have what type of arrangement in their flagella?
(a) 9+2 Arrangement
(b) 2+9 Arrangement
(c) 7+2 Arrangement
(d) 9+0 Arrangement

(a) 9+2 Arrangement

94. A microtubule is composed of what type of protein?
(a) Tubulin
(b) Myosin
(c) Actin
(d) Durable protein

(a) Tubulin

95. Which type of ribosome do bacteria possess?
(a) 70S
(b) 80S
(c) 60S
(d) 40S

(a) 70S

96. Which is a currency of energy?
(a) ATP
(b) NAD
(c) FAD
(d) Glucose

(a) ATP

97. This is a site where glycolipids and glycoproteins are synthesized
(a) Golgi apparatus
(b) Lysosome
(c) Plastid
(d) Mitochondria

(a) Golgi apparatus

98. The organelle that produces ATP is NEET MCQ Question Cell: The Unit of Life Biology
(a) Mitochondria
(b) Ribosomes
(c) Golgi apparatus
(d) Endoplasmic reticulum

(a) Mitochondria

99. In a thylakoid, how many layers are there?
(a) 2
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 5

(a) 2

100. How many subunits make up a ribosome?
(a) 2
(b) 3
(c) 4
(d) 5

(a) 2

101. Name the organelle surrounded by a single-layered wall
(a) Lysosome
(b) Mitochondria
(c) Chloroplast
(d) Nucleus

(a) Lysosome

102. Name the suicidal bag of plant cells
(a) Lysosome
(b) Mitochondria
(c) Endoplasmic reticulum
(d) Nucleus

(a) Lysosome

MCQ Questions for Class 11 Biology with Answers Chapter Wise PDF Download

MCQ Questions of Class 11 Biology with Answers Pdf will guide students to do a quick revision for all chapter.

  1. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 1 The Living World
  2. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 2 Biological Classification
  3. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 3 Plant Kingdom
  4. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 4 Animal Kingdom
  5. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 5 Morphology of Flowering Plants
  6. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 6 Anatomy of Flowering Plants
  7. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 7 Structural Organisation in Animals
  8. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 8 Cell: The Unit of Life
  9. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 9 Biomolecules
  10. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division
  11. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 11 Transport in Plants
  12. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 12 Mineral Nutrition
  13. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
  14. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 14 Respiration in Plants
  15. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 15 Plant Growth and Development
  16. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 16 Digestion and Absorption
  17. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  18. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 18 Body Fluids and Circulation
  19. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 19 Excretory Products and their Elimination
  20. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 20 Locomotion and Movement
  21. MCQs questions for class 11 biology chapter 21 Neural Control and Coordination
  22. MCQ questions for class 11 biology chapter 22 Chemical Coordination and Integration

NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 11 Chemistry with Answers
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