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NCERT CBSE / RBSE Notes for Class 12 Access Subject Wise Notes

NCERT CBSE RBSE Notes for Class 12 are provided here to help the studies. These notes for class 12 have been prepared by subject experts and are well structured.

Table of Contents

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Maths / Mathematics Chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Relations and Functions
  • Chapter 2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  • Chapter 3 Matrices
  • Chapter 4 Determinants
  • Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability
  • Chapter 6 Application of Derivatives
  • Chapter 7 Integrals
  • Chapter 8 Application of Integrals
  • Chapter 9 Differential Equations
  • Chapter 10 Vector Algebra
  • Chapter 11 Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Chapter 12 Linear Programming
  • Chapter 13 Probability

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Physics Chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Electric Charges And Fields
  • Chapter 2 Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance
  • Chapter 3 Current Electricity
  • Chapter 4 Moving Charges And Magnetism
  • Chapter 5 Magnetism And Matter
  • Chapter 6 Electromagnetic Induction
  • Chapter 7 Alternating Current
  • Chapter 8 Electromagnetic Waves
  • Chapter 9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
  • Chapter 10 Wave Optics
  • Chapter 11 Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter
  • Chapter 12 Atoms
  • Chapter 13 Nuclei
  • Chapter 14 Semiconductor Electronics Materials Devices And Simple Circuits
  • Chapter 15 Communication Systems

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Chemistry chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 The Solid State
  • Chapter 2 Solutions
  • Chapter 3 Electro chemistry
  • Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics
  • Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry
  • Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • Chapter 7 The p Block Elements
  • Chapter 8 The d and f Block Elements
  • Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds
  • Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Chapter 11 Alcohols Phenols and Ethers
  • Chapter 12 Aldehydes Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Chapter 13 Amines
  • Chapter 14 Biomolecules
  • Chapter 15 Polymers
  • Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Biology Chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Reproduction in Organisms
  • Chapter 2 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
  • Chapter 3 Human Reproduction
  • Chapter 4 Reproductive Health
  • Chapter 5 Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Chapter 6 Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Chapter 7 Evolution
  • Chapter 8 Human Health and Disease
  • Chapter 9 Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
  • Chapter 10 Microbes in Human Welfare
  • Chapter 11 Biotechnology:Principles And Processes
  • Chapter 12 Biotechnology and its Applications
  • Chapter 13 Organisms and Populations
  • Chapter 14 Ecosystem
  • Chapter 15 Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Chapter 16 Environmental Issues

NCERT Solution for Class 12 English Flamingo Prose chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 The Last Lesson
  • Chapter 2 Lost Spring
  • Chapter 3 Deep Water
  • Chapter 4 The Rattrap
  • Chapter 5 Indigo
  • Chapter 6 Poets and Pancakes
  • Chapter 7 The Interview
  • Chapter 8 Going Places

NCERT Solution for Class 12 English Flamingo Poem chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 My Mother at Sixty-six
  • Chapter 2 An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum
  • Chapter 3 Keeping Quiet
  • Chapter 4 A Thing of Beauty
  • Chapter 5 A Roadside Stand
  • Chapter 6 Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Hindi Aroh (आरोह भाग 2)

(अ) काव्य भाग

  • Chapter 1 आत्म-परिचय, एक गीत
  • Chapter 2 पतंग
  • Chapter 3 कविता के बहाने, बात सीधी थी पर
  • Chapter 4 कैमरे में बंद अपाहिज
  • Chapter 5 सहर्ष स्वीकारा है
  • Chapter 6 उषा
  • Chapter 7 बादल राग
  • Chapter 8 कवितावली (उत्तर कांड से), लक्ष्मण-मूच्छ और राम का विलाप
  • Chapter 9 रुबाइयाँ, गज़ल
  • Chapter 10 छोटा मेरा खेत, बगुलों के पंख

(ब) गद्य भाग

  • Chapter 11 भक्तिन
  • Chapter 12 बाजार दर्शन
  • Chapter 13 काले मेघा पानी दे
  • Chapter 14 पहलवान की ढोलक
  • Chapter 15 चार्ली चैप्लिन यानी हम सब
  • Chapter 16 नमक
  • Chapter 17 शिरीष के फूल
  • Chapter 18 श्रम-विभाजन और जाति-प्रथा, मेरी कल्पना का आदर्श समाज

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Hindi Vitan (वितान भाग 2)

  • Chapter 1 सिल्वर वैडिंग
  • Chapter 2 जूझ
  • Chapter 3 अतीत में दबे पाँव
  • Chapter 4 डायरी के पन्ने

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Sanskrit

  • Chapter 1 अनुशासनम्
  • Chapter 2 न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि
  • Chapter 3 मातुराञा गरीयसी
  • Chapter 4 प्रजानुरज्जको नृपः
  • Chapter 5 दौवारिकस्य निष्ठा
  • Chapter 6 सूक्ति-सौरभम्
  • Chapter 7 नैकेनापि समं गता वसुमती
  • Chapter 8 हल्दीघाटी
  • Chapter 9 मदालसा
  • Chapter 10 प्रतीक्शा
  • Chapter 11 कार्याकार्यव्यवस्थितिः
  • Chapter 12 विद्धास्थानानि

NCERT Solution for Class 12 History chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones The Harappan Civilisation
  • Chapter 2 Kings, Farmers and Towns Early States and Economies
  • Chapter 3 Kinship, Caste and Class Early Societies
  • Chapter 4 Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings Cultural Developments
  • Chapter 5 Through the Eyes of Travellers Perceptions of Society
  • Chapter 6 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions Changes in Religious Beliefs and Devotional Texts
  • Chapter 7 An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara
  • Chapter 8 Peasants, Zamindars and the State Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire
  • Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles The Mughal Courts
  • Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside: Exploring Official Archives
  • Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations
  • Chapter 12 Colonial Cities Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
  • Chapter 13 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement Civil Disobedience and Beyond
  • Chapter 14 Understanding Partition Politics, Memories, Experiences
  • Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution The Beginning of a New Era

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Geography chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)
  • Chapter 2 The World Population (Distribution, Density and Growth)
  • Chapter 3 Population Composition
  • Chapter 4 Human Development
  • Chapter 5 Primary Activities
  • Chapter 6 Secondary Activities
  • Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
  • Chapter 8 Transport and Communication
  • Chapter 9 International Trade
  • Chapter 10 Human Settlements

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Economics chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Introduction to Economics
  • Chapter 2 Consumer Equilibrium
  • Chapter 3 Demand
  • Chapter 4 Elasticity of Demand
  • Chapter 5 Production
  • Chapter 6 Cost
  • Chapter 7 Supply
  • Chapter 8 Revenue
  • Chapter 9 Producer Equilibrium
  • Chapter 10 Perfect Competition
  • Chapter 11 Non-Competitive Market
  • Chapter 12 Market Equilibrium with Simple Applications

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Macro Economics chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 Introduction to Macroeconomics and its Concepts
  • Chapter 2 National Income and Related Aggregates
  • Chapter 3 Money
  • Chapter 4 Banking
  • Chapter 5 Aggregate Demand and Its Related Concepts
  • Chapter 6 National Income Determination and Multiplier
  • Chapter 7 Excess Demand and Deficient Demand
  • Chapter 8 Government Budget and the Economy
  • Chapter 9 Foreign Exchange Rate
  • Chapter 10 Balance of Payment

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Political Science chapter wise

  • Chapter 1 The Cold War Era
  • Chapter 2 The End of Bipolarity
  • Chapter 3 US Hegemony in World Politics
  • Chapter 4 Alternative Centres of Power
  • Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia
  • Chapter 6 International Organisations
  • Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World
  • Chapter 8 Environment and Natural Resources
  • Chapter 9 Globalisation

Politics In India Since Independence

  • Chapter 1 Challenges of Nation Building
  • Chapter 2 Era of One-Party Dominance
  • Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development
  • Chapter 4 India’s External Relations
  • Chapter 5 Challenges to and Restoration of Congress System
  • Chapter 6 The Crisis of Democratic Order
  • Chapter 7 Rise of Popular Movements
  • Chapter 8 Regional Aspirations
  • Chapter 9 Recent Developments in Indian Politics

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Business Studies Chapter wise

Part 1 Principles and Functions of Management

  • Chapter 1 Nature and Significance of Management
  • Chapter 2 Principles of Management
  • Chapter 3 Business Environment
  • Chapter 4 Planning
  • Chapter 5 Organising
  • Chapter 6 Staffing
  • Chapter 7 Directing
  • Chapter 8 Controlling

Part 2 Business Finance and Marketing

  • Chapter 9 Financial Management
  • Chapter 10 Financial Market
  • Chapter 11 Marketing
  • Chapter 12 Consumer Protection

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Accountancy

Part 1 Partnership Accounts

  • Chapter 1 Accounting for Partnership: Basic Concepts
  • Chapter 2 Accounting for Not for Profit Organisation
  • Chapter 3 Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner
  • Chapter 4 Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner
  • Chapter 5 Dissolution of Partnership Firm

Part 2 Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements

  • Chapter 1 Accounting for Share Capital
  • Chapter 2 Issue and Redemption of Debentures
  • Chapter 3 Financial Statements of a Company
  • Chapter 4 Analysis of Financial Statements
  • Chapter 5 Accounting Ratios
  • Chapter 6 Cash Flow Statement

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Sociology

Indian Society

  • Chapter 1 Introducing Indian Society
  • Chapter 2 The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society
  • Chapter 3 Social Institutions: Continuity and Change
  • Chapter 4 The Market as a Social Institution
  • Chapter 5 Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  • Chapter 6 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

Social Change and Development in India

  • Chapter 1 Structural Change
  • Chapter 2 Cultural Change
  • Chapter 3 The Story of Indian Democracy
  • Chapter 4 Change and Development in Rural Society
  • Chapter 5 Change and Development in Industrial Society
  • Chapter 6 Globalisation and Social Change
  • Chapter 7 Mass Media and Communications
  • Chapter 8 Social Movements

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Psychology

  • Chapter 1 Intelligence And Aptitude
  • Chapter 2 Self And Personality
  • Chapter 3 Human Strengths And Meeting Life Challenges
  • Chapter 4 Psychological Disorders
  • Chapter 5 Therapeutic Approaches And Counselling
  • Chapter 6 Attitude And Social Cognition
  • Chapter 7 Social Influence And Group Processes
  • Chapter 8 Psychology And Life
  • Chapter 9 Developing Psychological Skills

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Entrepreneurship

  • Chapter 1 Entrepreneurial Opportunity
  • Chapter 2 Entrepreneurial Planning
  • Chapter 3 Enterprise Marketing
  • Chapter 4 Enterprise Growth Strategies
  • Chapter 5 Business Arithmetic
  • Chapter 6 Resource Mobilization

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Computer Science (C++)

UNIT – 1 : OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING IN C++

  • Chapter 1 C++ Revision Tour
  • Chapter 2 Object Oriented Programming in C++
  • Chapter 3 Implementation of OOP Concepts in C++
  • Chapter 4 Constructor and Destructor
  • Chapter 5 Inheritance
  • Chapter 6 Data File Handling
  • Chapter 7 Pointers

UNIT – II : DATA STRUCTURES

  • Chapter 8 Arrays
  • Chapter 9 Stack
  • Chapter 10 Queue

UNIT – III : DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND SQL

  • Chapter 11 Database Concepts
  • Chapter 12 Structured Query Language

UNIT – IV : BOOLEAN ALGEBRA

  • Chapter 13 Boolean Algebra

UNIT – V : NETWORKING & OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE

  • Chapter 14 Networking and Open Source Concepts

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Computer Science (Python)

  • Chapter 1 Python Revision Tour
  • Chapter 2 Working with Functions
  • Chapter 3 Using Python Libraries
  • Chapter 4 File Handling
  • Chapter 5 Recursion (Not for Exams)
  • Chapter 6 Idea of Algorithmic Efficiency (Not for Exams)
  • Chapter 7 Data Visualisation using Python (Deleted)
  • Chapter 8 Data Structures – lists, stacks and Queues
  • Chapter 9 Computer Networks and Devices
  • Chapter 10 SQL Commands
  • Chapter 11 Creating a Django based Basic Web Application (Deleted)
  • Chapter 12 Interface Python with mySQL
  • Chapter 13 Society Law and Ethics (Deleted)
  • Chapter 14 Object Oriented Programming in CPP (OLD)
  • Chapter 15 Data Structures (OLD)
  • Chapter 16 DBMS and SQL (OLD)
  • Chapter 17 Boolean Algebra (OLD)
  • Chapter 18 Communication Technologies (OLD)
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