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MCQ Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 8 Peasants, Zamindars and the State with Answer
What was the basic unit of agricultural society?
Answer: (d) Village
Which of the following crops was introduced into India via Africa and Spain?
Answer: (b) Maize
Who was the author of Ain-i-Akbari?
(b) Abul Fazl
(c) Ibn Batuta
(d) Abdur Razzaq
Answer: (b) Abul Fazl
Which of the following were the duties performed by state officials in the 16th century?
(a) Collection of land revenue
(b) Measuring the land
(c) Keeping the records
(d) All the above
Answer: (d) All the above
Which of the following crops were considered as jins-i-Kamil?
(a) Cotton and sugarcane
(b) Maize and sugarcane
(c) Rice and wheat
(d) Chillies and potatoes
Answer: (a) Cotton and sugarcane
Which of the following statements regarding the roles played by women in agrarian society is incorrect?
(a) Women sowed, weeded, threshed, and winnowed the harvest.
(b) Women worked shoulder to shoulder with men in fields.
(c) During some days of the month women were not allowed to touch the plough.
(d) Women took the produce to the overseas markets for trade.
Answer: (d) Women took the produce to the overseas markets for trade.
What do you understand by the term Khud-Kashta?
(a) Peasants who were residents of the village
(b) Non-resident cultivators
(c) Revenue collectors
(d) Head of jati panchayat
Answer: (a) Peasants who were residents of the village
Which of the following crops was banned by Jahangir?
(a) Betel leaf
Answer: (c) Tobacco
What was the village headman called?
Answer: (a) Muqaddam
Which of the following Muslim community was considered menial?
Answer: (b) Halalkhoran
Name any two Jins-i-Kamil crops.
Answer: Cotton and sugarcane are two Jins-i-Kamil crops.
Give one point of difference between Khud- Kashta and Pahi-Kashta?
Answer: Khud-Kashta were the peasants who lived in the village which they cultivated themselves. Pahi-Kashta were the peasants who lived in some other village and cultivated lands elsewhere on a contractual basis.
Find out from the following pairs which one is not correctly matched:
(a) Kharif : Autumn
(b) Rabi : Spring
(c) Makka : Maize
(d) Muqaddam : Labourer
Answer: (d) Muqaddam: Labourer
Indicate which of the following statements is NOT correct.
(a) Jati Panchayat arbitrated civil disputes between members of different castes.
(b) The state respected the decisions of jati panchayat in matters related to criminal justice.
(c) Jati Panchayat mediated in contested claims on the land.
(d) Milkiyat as the extensive personal lands held by the zamindars.
Answer: (b) The state respected the decisions of jati panchayat in matters related to criminal justice.
Match the following.
|(i) Headman||(a) Village accountant|
|(ii) Patwari||(b) Begar|
|(iii) Labour||(c) Kharbandi|
|(iv) Scrubland||(d) Mandals|
Choose the correct option.
(a) i – b, ii – c, iii – a, iv – d
(b) i – c, ii – a, iii – b, iv – d
(c) i – c, ii – d, iii – b, iv – a
(d) i – d, ii – a, iii – b, iv – c
Answer: (d) i – d, ii – a, iii – b, iv – c
An administrative subdivision of a Mughal painting is called _________
_________ was a form of tribute collected by the Mughal state.
Consider the following statements regarding the classification of lands under Akbar.
(i) Polaj is land which is annually cultivated for each crop in succession and is never allowed to lie fallow.
(ii) Chachar is land uncultivated for five years and more.
(iii) Parauti is land left out of cultivation for a time that it may recover its strength.
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
(a) i and iii
(b) ii and iii
(c) i and ii
(d) iii only
Answer: (a) i and iii
Read the information given below:
Identify and name the administrative system.
The Mughal administrative system had at its apex a military-cum-bureaucratic apparatus which was responsible for looking after the civil and military affairs of the state.
Answer: Mansabdari system
Arrange the following events in chronological order:
1. Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas
2. Bahadur Shah II deposed and exiled to Rangoon
3. Nadir Shah invaded India
4. Humayun regained lost territories
Choose the correct option:
(a) 4, 3, 1, and 2
(b) 4, 1, 2, and 3
(c) 3, 4, 1, and 2
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Answer: (a) 4, 3, 1, and 2