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MCQ Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 2 Kings, Farmers and Towns with Answer
What are big rocks kept on the burial in central and south India called?
(a) Northern Black Polished Ware
Answer: (d) Megaliths
Who was Dhamma Mahamatta?
(a) Special revenue officers appointed by Ashoka for tax collection
(b) Special officers appointed by Ashoka for maintaining law and order in the kingdom
(c) Special officers appointed by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma
(d) Special officer appointed by Ashoka to stop the spread of dhamma
Answer: (c) Special officers appointed by Ashoka to spread the message of dhamma
Why is the sixth century BCE often considered a major turning point in Indian history?
(a) Emergence of states, cities, and towns; Use of iron
(b) Emergence of states, cities, and towns; Dominance of Hinduism
(c) Dominance of Hinduism; Use of iron
(d) Emergence of Buddhism and Jainism, Extensive use of Copper
Answer: (a) Emergence of states, cities, and towns; Use of iron
Who composed the Prayag Prashasti in praise of Samudragupta?
(a) Prabhavati Gupta
Answer: (b) Harisena
Which of the following is not one of the main features of Ashoka’s dhamma?
(a) Respect the elders and be generous to the Brahmins.
(b) Consider your religion superior to the other religions.
(c) Gahapati should respect members of the family, relatives, servants, the poor, and the slaves.
(d) Follow non-violence.
Answer: (b) Consider your religion superior to the other religions.
What were the guilds of the merchants and craftsmen called?
Answer: (a) Shrenis
What is James Prinsep’s contribution in the development of the Indian epigraphy?
(a) He deciphered the Brahmi script used in most of the Ashokan inscriptions.
(b) He deciphered the Kharoshthi script used in most of the Ashokan inscriptions.
(c) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
(d) None of these
Answer: (a) He deciphered the Brahmi script used in most of the Ashokan inscriptions.
Ventures of which of the following traders were risky but highly profitable?
(c) Merchants with caravans of bullock carts and pack-animals
(d) All of the above
Answer: (b) Seafarers
Who issued the first coins bearing the names of rulers?
Answer: (c) Indo-Greeks
Ashoka is mentioned by which titles in his inscriptions?
(a) Ashoka, Piyadassi
(b) Masattuvan, Ashoka
(c) Devanampiya, Piyadassi
(d) Devaputra, Piyadassi
Answer: (c) Devanampiya, Piyadassi
Name the languages in which the Ashokan inscriptions were written.
(a) Pali, Prakrit, and Greek
(b) Pali, Sanskrit, and Aramaic
(c) Prakrit, Aramaic, and Greek
(d) Pali, Sanskrit, and Greek
Answer: (c) Prakrit, Aramaic, and Greek
______ founded the Mauryan Empire in c. 321 BCE.
Answer: Chandragupta Maurya
Who was Harisena?
Answer: Harisena was the court poet of king Samudragupta.
Match the following.
|(a) Gahapati||(i) slaves|
|(b) Vellalar||(ii) ploughman|
|(c) Uzhavar||(iii) head of household|
|(d) Adimai||(iv) landowner|
|(a) Gahapati||(iii) head of household|
|(b) Vellalar||(iv) landowner|
|(c) Uzhavar||(ii) ploughman|
|(d) Adimai||(i) slaves|
Who was Prabhavati Gupta?
Answer: Prabhavati Gupta was the daughter of Chandragupta II.
Mention any two yajnas performed by the kings during the Vedic period.
Answer: The kings performed Rajsuya yajna and Ashwamedha yajna during the Vedic period.
Consider the following statements regarding Magadha.
(i) Magadha was the most powerful mahajanapada.
(ii) Initially Pataliputra was the capital of Magadha and later it was shifted to Rajagriha.
(iii) Elephants were found in abundance in the forests of Magadha.
Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
(a) I and II
(b) II and III
(c) I and III
(d) II only
Answer: (c) I and III
Identify the best reason for considering King Ashoka as ‘Devanampiya’ and ‘Piyadassi’ by his subjects.
(a) Ashoka commissioned the edicts himself
(b) He adopted the title of ‘Devaputra’.
(c) Epigraphists have concluded him as devanam priya.
(d) He did well being of society through Dhamma.
Answer: (d) He did well being of society through Dhamma.