Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 : NCERT CBSE RBSE and Other State Board Solutions for Class 12 Geography Notes for Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope) Notes questions answers MCQs Download PDF
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)
List of the Lesson:
- Geography is a field of study is integrative, empirical and practical
- It studies each and every event on the earth over the space and time
- Human geography studies the relationship between man and nature
- Geo. can be studied through law making or descriptive
There are two approaches of geography:
- Systematic approach
- Regional approach
Physical and human phenomena are described in metaphors using symbols from the human anatomy.
Human Geography: Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between
human societies and earth’s surface.
Nature of Human Geography:
(a) Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and socio-cultural environment created by man.
(b) Elements of physical are land, water, soil, climate, vegetation, fauna
(c) Elements of cultural are transport and communication, settlements, crops
Naturalization of Humans:
(a) Man interact with nature with the help of technology
(b) It is not important that what he creates but with what tools he used to create
(c) Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society
(d.) Understanding the nature helps to create technology
- Understanding of friction and heat helped to discover fire
- Understanding DNA helped to eradicate diseases
- Laws of thermodynamics helped to develop fast planes
- Knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human being.
- The interaction between primitive society and nature is called Environmental Determinism.
Humanizations of Nature
- With the development of technology people understood the nature well
- They move from state of necessity to state of possibilities
- Human activities created cultural landscape
- So it is called as possibilism
Non-determinism/ Stop and go Determinism
- Developed by Griffith Taylor
- It is a middle path between environmental determinism and possibilism
- The concept shows that neither is there a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a condition of absolute freedom.
- Sustainable development is the main aim
- The Neo determinism maintains balance between development and nature
Human Geography Through the Corridors of Time
Schools of human geography
Concerned with social well-being of the people:
Radical School: Concerned with causes of poverty, deprivation and social Inequality
Behavioural School: Given importance to lived experience, perception of space by Social categories
Stages Through Corridories of Time.
|Colonial||Exploration & description||Imperialism and trade lead to discover many lands|
|Colonial||Regional analysis||Understanding of parts in totality would lead to understand the whole|
|1930- interwar||aerial||Find the reasons for the uniqueness of a region|
|1950-1960||Apply technology to study geography|
|1970||Emergence of humanistic, radical and behavioral school||Emergence of sociopolitical reality with the help of schools|
|1990||Generalization and apply of universal laws to understand geography|