Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)

Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 : NCERT CBSE RBSE and Other State Board Solutions for Class 12 Geography Notes for Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope) Notes questions answers MCQs Download PDF

Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)

Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)

List of the Lesson:

  • Geography is a field of study is integrative, empirical and practical
  • It studies each and every event on the earth over the space and time
  • Human geography studies the relationship between man and nature
  • Geo. can be studied through law making or descriptive

There are two approaches of geography:

  1. Systematic approach
  2. Regional approach

Physical and human phenomena are described in metaphors using symbols from the human anatomy.
Human Geography: Human geography is the synthetic study of relationship between
human societies and earth’s surface.

Nature of Human Geography:

(a) Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and socio-cultural environment created by man.
(b) Elements of physical are land, water, soil, climate, vegetation, fauna
(c) Elements of cultural are transport and communication, settlements, crops

Naturalization of Humans:

(a) Man interact with nature with the help of technology
(b) It is not important that what he creates but with what tools he used to create
(c) Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society
(d.) Understanding the nature helps to create technology

  1. Understanding of friction and heat helped to discover fire
  2. Understanding DNA helped to eradicate diseases
  3. Laws of thermodynamics helped to develop fast planes
  4. Knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on human being.
  5. The interaction between primitive society and nature is called Environmental Determinism.

Humanizations of Nature

  1. With the development of technology people understood the nature well
  2. They move from state of necessity to state of possibilities
  3. Human activities created cultural landscape
  4. So it is called as possibilism

Non-determinism/ Stop and go Determinism

  1. Developed by Griffith Taylor
  2. It is a middle path between environmental determinism and possibilism
  3. The concept shows that neither is there a situation of absolute necessity nor is there a condition of absolute freedom.
  4. Sustainable development is the main aim
  5. The Neo determinism maintains balance between development and nature

Human Geography Through the Corridors of Time

Schools of human geography
Welfare School
Concerned with social well-being of the people:
(a) housing
(b) Health
(c) Education

Radical School: Concerned with causes of poverty, deprivation and social Inequality
Behavioural School: Given importance to lived experience, perception of space by Social categories

Stages Through Corridories of Time.

PERIODAPPROACHES 
ColonialExploration & descriptionImperialism and trade lead to discover many lands
ColonialRegional analysisUnderstanding of parts in totality would lead to understand the whole
1930- interwaraerialFind the reasons for the uniqueness of a region
1950-1960Apply technology to study geography
1970Emergence of humanistic, radical and behavioral schoolEmergence of sociopolitical reality with the help of schools
1990Generalization and apply of universal laws to understand geography

NCERT Solution for Class 12 Geography Notes chapter wise

Class 12 Geography Notes : Fundamentals of Human Geography
Chapter PDF NCERT Notes
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 2 The World Population (Distribution, Density and Growth)
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 3 Population Composition
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 4 Human Development
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 5 Primary Activities
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 6 Secondary Activities
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 8 Transport and Communication
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 9 International Trade
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 10 Human Settlements
Class 12 Geography Notes: India – People and Economy
Chapter PDF NCERT Notes
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 11 Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 12 Migration: Types, Causes and Consequences
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 13 Human Development
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 14 Human Settlements
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 15 Land Resources and Agriculture
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 16 Water Resources
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 17 Mineral and Energy Resources
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 18 Manufacturing Industries
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 19 Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 20 Transport And Communication
Class 12 Geography Notes Chapter 21 International Trade
Class 12 Geography NotesChapter 22 Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems